In 1857, there fell a centenary of the Battle of Plassey, fought in 1757. Causes of Revolt of 1857. Causes. Also Read: Causes of the Revolt of 1857. They were unemployed. Savarkar called 1857 revolt as the First War of Indian Independence. What was the character (or nature) of the Revolt of 1857 (India)? Sepoys throughout India were issued with a new, more powerful and more accurate gun, the Pattern 1853 Enfield rifled musket. The feelings of the unrest that was growing among the Indians finally got manifested in the form of revolt of 1857. 6 ABOUT THE NEW CARTRIDGE A social discontent began to grow. The causes of the Great Revolt of 1857 and Sepoy Mutiny may be studied in the following heads: Political cause: Major political cause for the outbreak of the Revolt … Secondly, the sepoys were sent to fight in distant places such as Burma. His doctrine of Lapse was a calculated step to annihilate as many native rulers as possible. The revolt of 1857 - MCQs with answers - Part I 1.Which among the following was not an economic cause of the revolt of 1857? But beneath their imperial sway there was growing serious discontent, which the rulers could not know. The rumor spread that the British rule were destined to last for a hundred years only , and as such , it should end in 1857. Causes of the Revolt of 1857. Revolt of 1857 – Causes . Their Crime -These troopers had refused to load their rifles with the new cartridges. He said: “I shall go to the Mosque of a Mohammedian; I shall enter the Christian’s Church and kneel before the Crucifix; I shall enter the Buddhistic temple, where I shall take refuge in Buddha and his law. In some respects, the impact of the West was useful no doubt, but the conservative society could not appreciate many of the new idea, which came. The East India Company had the unusual distinction of ruling an entire country, The Natchez District where a tribe of Indians were housed as slaves was the first Mississippi region where plantations were established. It meant the loss of religion by the Hindus and Muslims alike. As a result of all such things the economic discontent of the people increased. This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. For the British the event of 1857 were a revolt against their authority, PACIFICATION REVOLT, A NATIONALIST UPRISING, OR AS A WAR OF INDEPENDENCE? The various causes of the Mutiny of 1857 can be classified into several heads such as political, administrative, economic, Socio-religious, military and immediate causes.. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. However, there were also many other causes that in sum resulted in the Rebellion of 1857. Origin of the Mutiny . All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. Jallianwala Baug Massacre Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. It became the immediate cause of the great uprising. Revolt of 1857 was a happened due to following reasons. The physical and the metaphysical, the secular and the religious, were all parts of the same nature. Their judicial system were also costly for the Indians in that time. Thus, there was going only a silent mental hostility between the conservatives and the progressives in the Indian society. The revolt of 1857 was a product of the character and policies of rule. This belief of possessing supreme authority is what led British to conquer its remaining colonies, one of which was the great India. The immediate cause of the Indian Revolt of 1857, or Sepoy Mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the British East India Company's troops.The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. What was the immediate cause of the Revolt of 1857? The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. Therefore, he declared: “ from the great dynamo of Europe, the electrical flow of that tremendous power, vivifying the whole world…were want that energy, that love of independence, that spirit of self-reliance, that immovable fortitude, that dexterity in action, that bond of unity of purpose, that thirst for improvement.” His vision embraced a European society with India’s religion. “Were reject none, neither theist, nor pantheist, monist, polytheist, agnostic, nor atheist, the only condition of being a disciple in modeling a character at once the broadcast and the most intense”, he declared. The sepoys saw a deep conspiracy to destroy their religious faiths. Many changes began to appear thereby. What were the religious causes for the Revolt of 1857? They spread discontent against the British among the common people. After the abolition of the East India Company the administration of India was taken over directly by the Crown-in -Parliament. Lack of Societal Alternative It was mainly fought against the biggest East India Company which acted as the supreme power at that time. Although it is exaggeration, it laid the seeds for Indian nationalism. In general, the sepoys and their officers were dissatisfied with their pay, promotions or future prospects. Why was the Revolt a failure? were among the high degree of protests by the people that culminated in the revolt of 1857. The Revolt of 1857 covered the way for the future struggle for freedom in India. Evangelicals, for example, saw the improvement in India through Christianity and conversion of the Indian people to it. The tenure of Dalhousie was pathetic as far as concerns of the Indian natives are concerned. The seed of communal discord planted by the English in India sprouted … Some notable persons of those houses worked secretly against the foreigners. It was the first organized revolt against British rule in India. It was far more than a mutiny…. The abolition of the Sati system led some people to complain that the Government had no right to interfere with the Hindu social customs. To the orthodox, he condemned in strong terms. My dear friend At this conjuncture I believe that the reasons for the Revolt of 1857 is indeed many, the prime and the most important one being the religious sentiments being hurt. The Western culture spread in many ways. The unhappiness of the sepoys first surfaced in 1824 when the 47th Regiment at Barrackpur was ordered to go to Burma. Revolt of 1857 There was discrimination not only in the lower level, it prevailed in every level of the economy. These of the adopted sons of the dead rulers who lost their thrones or pensions became the sworn enemies of British. The Government permitted the missionaries to come for England without any restriction. The Belur Math near Calcutta became the center of the Ramakrishna Mission. Write an article on the early career of Mahatma Gandhi, Controlling in Management # Meaning, Definition, Types, Process, Steps and Techniques. 1. The immediate cause of the Revolt of 1857 was the incident of the greased cartridge. Published: October 17, 2011 The successive Governor generals appointed by the crown and based at Calcutta expanded the domains of British India over the period of time up the time of Lord Dalhousie, whose conquests against Punjab and Burma pushed the frontiers of the British India against Afghanistan and Burma. Rise of Indian Nationalism To the religious Hindu, crossing the sea meant loss of caste.The sepoys, therefore, refused to comply. It was started by the sepoy of the company which arouses the gathered grievances of the people against the Company administration and of their dislike for the foreign administration. The revolt of 1857 was a product of the character and policies of colonial rule. PROF. ANSHUMAN SINGH Under the doctrine of lapse, the British annexed any Indian state where the ruler did not have a male heir. Some higher caste sepoys used to put only their heads the headdresses of their respective areas. What were the economic causes for the revolt of 1857? causes of revolt of 1857 1. He wanted to open the Indian mind to external things. India as a region has known foreign invaders more frequently than any other region in world history. Man had divinity in him. 4. Non Co-operation Movement Thus British government passed Government of India Act 1858 on August 2, 1858, according to which the power that the company enjoyed was snatched and a direct rule was established. Nana Saheb, the adopted son of the dead Peshawa, lost his pension and privileges and become a relentless foe of the British. Their manner and behavior greatly displeased the orthodox people. Rani Lakhsmi Bai, the heroic queen of Jhansi, could not keep the kingdom of her dead husband of her adopted son. Simon Commission It was also circulated that the flesh of pigs and cows was thrown into wells. The spiritual vitality of India, according to him, was too strong to overcome all temporary set-backs. The rulers of India fell one by one before the might of the Western arms. A fear spread that the Government would convert India into a Christian country in course of time. Further more, he preached in favour of cosmopolitanism and Catholicism. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. Some other reasons that led to the formation of the revolt of 1857 were the economical discrimination. They paid for some allowances while going to distant places to fight, but their prayers was never granted. Those of the rulers who, out of fear, accepted the subsidiary Alliance, escaped destruction, but lost independence and remained as the dependent chiefs. In a number of European countries, he propounded the greatness of Hindu civilization. Brave sepoys were never rewarded for courage or meritorious performances in battles. But the Government made it compulsory for all to go to any place outside India, when necessary. The religious sentiments of Muslims and Hindus were greatly hurt by such stories. Formation of Indian National Congress As many historians had described that the revolt of 1857 was an awakening and some of them have even stated it as the ‘First War of Independence’ of India. When influential people lost privileges, their economic discontent grew considerably. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. The English at the large Presidency towns began to systematic their efforts for the emancipations of the female from the utter ignorance, which had been its birthright, and the wives and the daughters of the white men began to aid in the work, cheered and encouraged by the symphathesis of their sisters at home. Those Hindus who embraced Christianity was not allowed to inherit their paternal property. However, they could not prove it. Administrative causes of the revolt of 1857 Resentment against a new administrative system. At last, Dalhousie wanted to finish them, too. In the mean time, the Western education began to spread. Sixthly, from some unknown source, there spread belief among the Indian sepoys that the British rule was coming in close. Through preaching and education began to draw the Indian towards to Christianity as best as they could. With the extension of the British Empire, they got opportunity to move all over the country. The traders were also paid less. Various causes were responsible for the Revolt of 1857. They purchased Indian products and the raw materials at chipest rate and sold the British goods at dearest price. From power and position, they fell to ordinary condition. Indian people began the uprising because they were cruelly exploited by the British colonialists. The discontent arising out of political, economic, social, religious and military factors at last culminated in the most memorable bloodbath in Modern Indian History. The spirit of that civilization was considered essential for progress. Therefore he proclaimed: “I would rather see every one of you rank atheists than superstitious fools: for the atheist is alive, and you can make something of him. The Revolt of 1857 also regarded as India’s Ist War of Independence was a significant event in Indian history. They were ordered not to do so. They forced the sepoys to use the cartridge. They were interested to drain the resources of the nation. 5. Fourthly, the British Government interfered with the religious beliefs of the sepoys. The regiment was disbanded and those who led the opposition were hanged. The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military causes. But if superstition enters, the brain is gone, the brain is softening, and degradation has been seized upon the life”. In loading the rifle the sepoy before inserting the cartridge had to bite off its top. They one by one became victims of British expansionism 4… The spiritual consciousness which he created in man, indirectly paved path for a democratic consciousness. 2. The 1857 war of Independence was the culmination of various political, economic, social and military causes which burst forth in the from of the cartridge controversy, finally resulting in the Indian Sepoy Mutiny where a soldier named Mangal Pandey was the first to break rank. Unpopular revenue settlement For the first time the education of the Hindoo and the Mohammedan females, took during the administration of Dalhousie, a substantial recognized shape.”. A group of historians and writers has asserted that the Revolt was the result of a widespread and well-organized conspiracy. 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