Read verse 2-4. How shall we sing the LORD'S song in a strange land? How can we worship God when we are exiles in a land that is hostile to his worship? In 516 B.C., Persia (now Iran) destroyed Babylon. It provides a vivid image of what life in exile must have been like. Here are God’s people no longer in their land, no longer in their holy city, no longer in their Temple. 1 By the waters of Babylon, there we sat down and wept, when we remembered Zion. They, 5 Day Bible Narratives Reading Plan and Family Devotional. We hanged our harps upon the willows in the midst thereof. When we form an idea of a blessedly holy man (Psalms 119:3) it becomes us to make an earnest effort to attain unto the same sacred innocence and divine happiness, and this can only be through heart piety founded on the Scriptures. Written by that faithful servant of God M. Robert Rollok. Singing to the self. Psalm 137 is the 137th psalm of the Book of Psalms, and ... "Rivers of Babylon", in part based on the opening verses of the Psalm, is a Rastafarian song written and recorded by Brent Dowe and Trevor McNaughton of the Jamaican reggae group The Melodians in 1970. They knew you still cared for them. And, of course, inevitably, false worship began to permeate the nation of Israel. If I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth; if I prefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy. This is the key concept that answers the question why did David write Psalm 23. Last week I began a series looking at Psalm 137. For there they that carried us away captive required of us a song; and they that wasted us required … For once, there is no need for guessing about the occasion of this Psalm. The psalm ends with an appeal to God to repay those responsible for Zion’s fall. This is the setting for Psalm 137. II. The hymnwriter John L. Bell comments alongside his own setting of this Psalm: "The final verse is omitted in this metricization, because its seemingly outrageous curse is better dealt with in preaching or group conversation. The Necessity of the Incarnation, Sale On Some of Our Favorite Homeschool Curricula, The Future of Fundamentalist Education: Delivery, By the Waters of Babylon, Episode 13 now available: “Three Forms of Culture”. But when hit with a calamity such as the loss of a beloved one or any other sort of discomfort, people resort to praying. contains a short exposition on Psalm 137. l. 2. v. 110. (a) "qui veluti in acervos nos redegerunt", Tigurine version, Grotius. 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Re: Psalm 137:9 - who wrote this? l. 10. He says that if he forgets the true worship of God, then may it be that he loses his skill to play the lyre or to sing, for he does not want to use these skills except in the praise of Yahweh. King David, a man after God’s own heart, had defeated Israel’s most threatening enemies and organized plans for the building of God’s Temple in Jerusalem—the center of true worship. C.M. Metamorph. Psalm 137. It is clear that the 150 individual psalms were written by many different people across a period of a thousand years in Israel’s history. You likely know the broad outlines of this event. BACK; NEXT ; Verses 1-6. It may also have been written many years into the exile. Requirements from Acts 1:21–26 (Part 1 of 2), Some Thoughts about the hymnal Cantus Christi. I actually can’t think of ANY context for this sentence ever to be uttered by anyone at anytime. - AFTB. 137:5 If I forget you, O Yerushalayim. Psalm 137 is a hymn expressing the yearnings of the Jewish people during their Babylonian exile. Psalm 137. Nevertheless, once again false worship led to curse. Many discussions on the purpose of the Psalms and what it means for the Scriptures to be 'divinely inspired' inevitably look at this passage. Psalm 137 Perhaps written during the Babylonian Captivity, this psalm communicates a sense of anguish so deep that it cannot be expressed even in the familiar musical lament. This time it wasn’t initially full-blown idolatry, but out of a pragmatic desire to keep his people from traveling to the Temple in Jerusalem, which was in the southern kingdom, Jeroboam made two gold calves in honor of Yahweh and made temples for Yahweh on the pagan high places and appointed priests who were not Levites, and God cursed him because of it. And so, as the first verse of this Psalm says, “By the rivers of Babylon we sat down; and there we wept when we remembered Zion.” Psalm 137 was written when many Israelites had been conquered and forced into exile to Babylon. Psalm 137 was written during Israel’s captivity in Babylon, and it is first and foremost a lament. which is true of literal Babylon, called the destroying mountain, Jeremiah 51:25; and of mystical Babylon, the destroyer both of the bodies and souls of men, Revelation 11:18; happy shall he be that rewardeth thee as thou hast served us; meaning Darius the Mede, as Kimchi; or rather, or however who must be added, Cyrus the Persian, as R. Obadiah; who were ordered by the Lord to retaliate her, and do as she had done to others, Jeremiah 50:15; and in so doing pronounced happy, being the Lord's shepherd, raised up in righteousness to perform his pleasure, Isaiah 44:28; and here wished success by the godly Jews. It speaks of Judah’s captivity for seventy years in the land of Babylon. If I forget you, Jerusalem, may my right hand forget its skill. Commentary on Psalm 137:5-9 (Read Psalm 137:5-9) What we love, we love to think of. Verse 1. We do not know who wrote this psalm, but it was most certainly written by someone who had experienced for himself the Babylonian captivity. This Psalm is wisely placed. How can we sing the Lord’s song in a strange land? Re: Psalm 137:9 - who wrote this? PSALM 137. "immediately the Levites said, how shall we sing the hymns of the Lord in a strange land?''. Psalm 90 is certainly attributed to Moses, and some believe that the same author wrote Psalm 91. But his greatest heartache must have been the toxic relationships among his sons. This is David saying he has a personal connection with God. Here I. The occasion of this psalm was the captivity of the Jews in Babylon, and the treatment they met with there; either as foreseen, or as now endured. By the rivers of Babylon, we sat and wept when we thought of Zion, our home, so far away. The Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, and Ethiopic versions, make it to be David's, and yet add the name of Jeremiah; and the Arabic version calls it David's, concerning Jeremiah: but, as Theodoret observes, Jeremiah was not carried into Babylon, but, after some short stay in or near Jerusalem, was forced away into Egypt; and could neither be the writer nor subject of this psalm: and though it might be written by David under a spirit of prophecy; who thereby might foresee and foretell the Babylonish captivity, and what the Jews would suffer in it; as the prophets Isaiah and Jeremiah did, many years before it came to pass; yet it seems rather to have been written by one of the captivity, either while in it, or immediately after it. This would make it contemporary to the prophecies in the book of Ezekiel. Modern biblical scholars attribute none of the psalms to the legendary King David, least of all Psalm 137. And yet during Solomon’s reign he married foreign wives who brought with them false gods—he allowed false worship to take place under his own roof. Many Jewish writers, as Aben Ezra observes, interpret this of the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans: who said, rase it, rase it even to the foundation thereof: or "make it naked" or "bare (i) to the foundation"; pull down its walls, lay them level with the ground; root up the very foundation of them, and let nothing be left or seen but the bare naked ground; so spiteful and malicious were they. This verse actually gives us a lot of information. They forget Jerusalem; they forget the Temple; these are just another way of saying, they forget the true God. The psalms, including Psalm 23, were written over a period of more than two hundred years, during and after the Babylonian Exile. The southern kingdom didn’t fare much better. This may have been written shortly after the captivity ended or possibly some time into the captivity, but the early period of Israel’s captivity in Babylon is most certainly the immediate historical context of the psalm. If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget. This is the context for Psalm 137. required of us songs, and our tormentors, mirth, saying, Now, however, the Hebrews found themselves in a cultural situation that was hostile to their religion and pure worship. Psalm 137:5-6 is a self curse used for literary intensity! And yet instead, they sat down and wept; they hung up their lyres, the predominate instrument of accompaniment for Temple worship. An EasyEnglish Translation with Notes (about 1200 word vocabulary) on Psalm 137. www.easyenglish.bible. This ultimately resulted in civil war after Solomon’s death, and the nation divided into two, Judah in the south ruled by Solomon’s son Rehoboam, and Israel in the north ruled by Jeroboam. They stedfastly resolved to keep up this affection. we hung up our lyres. Or let this befall me, should I so far forget Jerusalem as to strike the harp to one of the songs of Zion in a strange land: or let it forget any of its works; let it be disabled from working at all; let it be dry and withered, which, Aben Ezra says, is the sense of the word according to some; and Schultens (d), from the use of it in Arabic, renders it, let it be "disjointed", or the nerve loosened; see Job 31:22. King David did not write this psalm with Negative Theology in mind. The manner or form in which they were written was metre (g), though some deny it that the Jews had metre: as appears by the different accentuation of them from other writings, and from their being sung vocally and on musical instruments. Source: quora.com. He is poetically leading us to feel disgust at what is going on in the exile. Fasti, l. 2. and they that wasted us required of us mirth: the Chaldeans, who plundered them of their substance, and reduced their city and temple to heaps of rubbish, as the word (a) used signifies; or who heaped reproaches upon them, as Jarchi: these insisted not only on having the words of a song repeated to them, but that they should be set to some tune and sung in a manner expressing mirth, or would provoke unto it: or "our lamentations", according to Kimchi; that is, the authors of them (b), so barbarous were they; saying, sing us one of the songs of Zion; which used to be sung in Zion in the temple, called the songs of the temple, Amos 8:3; this demand they made either out of curiosity, that they might know something of the temple songs and music they had heard of; or rather as jeering at and insulting the poor Jews in their miserable and melancholy circumstances; as if they had said, now sing your songs if you can: or in order to make themselves sport and diversion with them, as the Philistines with Samson. The psalm uses words like weeping beside willow trees. "Fluminibus salices", Virgil. For there our captors asked us for songs, and our tormentors asked for mirth, saying, "Sing us one of the songs of Zion!" “For there they that carried us away captive required of us a song; and they that wasted us [required … It provides a vivid image of what life in exile must have been like. A Psalm of David. (b) Vid. (1-3) Mourning by Babylon’s rivers. Psalm 137. Lord, we pray, draw near to us and encourage us today. For there our captors asked us for songs, and our tormentors asked for mirth, saying, "Sing us one of the songs of Zion!" The psalmist tells of the exiles’ tears and of their poignant memories of Jerusalem. Georgic. 137:5 If I forget you, O Yerushalayim. 0 0. Psalm 137 - Psalm 137 is a lament written either during or shortly after the exile. 137. They had been there for nearly seventy years – and they were angry; they were dispossessed, broken and homeless. O daughter of Babylon — By which he understands the city and empire of Babylon, and the people thereof, who art to be destroyed — Who by God’s righteous and irrevocable sentence, art devoted to certain destruction, and whose destruction is particularly and circumstantially foretold by God’s holy prophets. "Michael, the prince of Jerusalem, said, remember, O Lord, the people of Edom who destroyed Jerusalem.''. These are among the first stories children learn from the Old Testament—Daniel and the Lion’s Den and the Three Hebrews in the Fiery Furnace. We do not know who wrote this psalm, but it was most certainly written by someone who had experienced for himself the Babylonian captivity. King Jeroboam actually desired to bring the nation back to the Lord, and God promised Jeroboam that if he obeyed the Law, God would bless him and his royal line. The *psalmist is the person that wrote the psalm. Although the author of this psalm is not known, it is obvious that it was written by someone who had survived the Babylonian captivity of Jerusalem. The psalmist penned this poem while … If related to the Hebrew root yll it might have the idea of “mockers/yammerers” Psalm 137:4 Literally “a land of a foreigner” Psalm 137… The psalm is in 3 parts. Written by David or Ezra, and placed as a preface to the Psalms ... 137: Dan 7:28: During the Babylonish captivity It is a mournful psalm, a lamentation and the Septuagint makes it one of the lamentations of Jeremiah, naming him for the author of it. How can we worship God when we are so far from his place of worship? “by the rivers of Babylon we sat down and wept” written during the 70 year Babylonian captivity And pushing toward the end of Book 5. there are 8 select psalms David wrote. Gordon Churchyard. Many settings omit the last verse. BACK; NEXT ; Verses 1-6. The psalm has been set to music by many composers. Woah. How Shall We Sing the Lord ’s Song? A SONG FROM THE CAPTIVITY IN BABYLON. They cannot humour their proud oppressors, Psalm 137:3,4. Psalm 137 is certainly within the period of 597-538 BC, but it may specifically date between 597-587 BC due to the lack of references to the temple being destroyed. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. We read in verse 1, “By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion.” Zion is synonymous with Jerusalem. According to the Midrash Shocher Tov, Psalm 139 was written by Adam.Verses 5 and 16, for example, allude to the formation of the First Man. A SONG FROM THE CAPTIVITY IN BABYLON. For once, there is no need for guessing about the occasion of this Psalm. (z) "verba cantici", Pagninus, Montanus, Musculus, Piscator, Gejerus, Michaelis; "verba earminis", Cocceius. Psalms Psalm 137 Summary. "May. p. 181. PSALM 137 OVERVIEW.. III. 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