Redwood is recognized for its fire resistance; in fact, redwood-clad structures are credited with limiting the extent of the great fires following the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. Use dry lumber only. It's not rough like typical pine from a saw mill. It is all-heartwood and most boards have open grain (less than eight growth rings/inch). Rough sawn lumber is lumber which is cut, but not finished. ground-contact vs. above-ground). Redwood lumber can be milled it to satisfy virtually any need. Redwood Grades. In most cases, it will last longer. Smooth Sawn, S4S (smooth on four sides), is a timber that has been milled on four sides to provide a smooth surface for the end consumer. Redwood is the most decay resistant wood that grows naturally in N. America. If you are in a dry climate (under 15 inches of rain per year) or are considering an indoor or covered patio application, Douglas-fir is our recommended wood grade since the limited moisture will insure it will last much longer than the 10 year guarantee. To add a bit more protection for most outdoor applications we recommend our premium sealant options (see Finish Options & Furniture Care). Some building codes prohibit these products, citing the fire hazard of that much rough-finished wood. Boards are available from 1/2″ to 5/4” thick with widths from 2” to 12”. Custom detail or design? Reddish-brown heartwood from the inner portion of the tree contains extractives that render it resistant to insects and decay. J&W Lumber stocks: Rough Construction Common, Rough Merchantable grade, Surfaced Construction Common, Surfaced Selected Con Common and Surfaced B-Grade. This is because of the shrinkage associated with planing and drying; it is cut rough and large to leave room to plane the lumber to smooth it and to allow it to shrink as it dries. Available surfaced or saw-textured. For example, an identical item made from Old-Growth Redwood will cost over 60% more than if made using Douglas-fir. Get Pricing Info (408) 995-0791 "Serving Bay Area Builders for Over 25 Years" 99 Pullman Way San Jose, CA 95111. Forever Redwood is rustic yet elegant furniture. We sand all our items to 220 grit and round all the edges of the boards. It’s tough to get surfaced stock thicker than 13/16-in. The main point is to harvest significantly less than the forest naturally produces. Specifications. Redwood is the most moisture and insect resistant wood species that grows naturally in N. America. Rough sawn timber is when the sides and edges are not smooth, if you run your hands across the timber you will feel a coarse texture and most likely get splinters. Vertical Grain Flat Grain Textures Surfaced Unless otherwise specified, redwood lumber, boards and patterns are sold with a smooth-planed surface, emphasizing the wood’s beauty of grain and color. increments. We stock a wide variety of Redwood garden and architectural grades. If you plan to stain or paint your deck in a color that is not similar to either of these in their natural state, then you may prefer cedar because it does tend to be lighter in color. Here’s how rough-sawn vs. S4S vs… Redwood and Red Cedar Siding and Shakes are a great way to sheath the exterior of your home. In the Redwood swatch above, you can see the lighter colored sapwood on the left side versus the majority of the board. Sapwood is the wood that grew in the last 20 years or so of a tree’s life prior to being harvested (outer perimeter of a tree trunk). Valley Redwood offers a complete line of Rough Redwood and Timbers for all of your construction and landscaping needs. ROUGH SAWN TIMBER: When wood is cut to a basic size on a circular saw, it is called 'rough sawn'. There are thin smooth boards (shingles) which may have knots are no knots. Essentially, you’ll use these to soften anything that’s too rough for your hands to handle. Grades of redwood lumber are determined using criteria outlined by the Redwood Inspection Service (RIS). Garden grades of redwood include Deck Heart, Construction Heart, Deck Common, Construction Common, Merchantable Heart, and Merchantable. Redwood is also more readily available in “clear” grades, which means there’s no knots at all. It is often used for fascia and siding. Uses include deck boards, rails, balusters, and other above-ground garden uses that do not require the insect and decay resistance of Deck Heart. Available in 8′ to 20′ lengths. These grades should be used in applications where attractiveness and tight joinery are desired and may be used on or near the soil. California Redwood is the most moisture and insect resistant wood species that grows naturally in N. America. Rough bark is also better able to protect from fires than smooth bark. Grades of redwood lumber are determined using criteria outlined by the Redwood Inspection Service (RIS). 5. Redwood is a beautiful wood, so it's ideal for highly visible applications such as … 2×2 – 2×12 (8, 10, 12, 16, 20′ lengths) 4x4x8, 4x4x10. Coastal Lumber has the Redwood lumber you're looking for! Redwood lumber can be milled it to satisfy virtually any need. Based on your desired appearance, you can decide whether to use rough cut lumber or take advantage of our custom surfacing capabilities for a smooth, clean finish. It is a combination of a light tan color with occasional streaks of slightly darker shades. High-quality finish grade of the same general quality as Heart Clear. So, in 2008, we let the secret out: Douglas-fir is an excellent choice for both outdoor and indoor furniture. Most warranties are for 1 to 5 years. The thinnest rough-cut boards, labeled 4/4, and called four quarter, are 1-in. Left out in the harsh year-round sun, rain and snow without maintenance, our Mosaic Eco-Wood is guaranteed not to decay in any climate for 10 years. Types of Redwood: 5 Wood Grades to Choose From, Click here to see how to keep your furniture looking new and lasting even longer, Please click here for more information on our finishes and color options, 1) Forever Warranty: Our Guarantee to You, 1) Types of Redwood: 5 Wood Grades to Choose From. Although a few other tree species also have excellent resistance to weather, the reputation of wood to resist decay was established in decades past when old-growth (over 200 year-old trees) was plentiful. The redwood has more durability that is stronger about 23% than the cedar wood. Rough Sawn, RS, means that the timber will be rough on all four sides and measure to the full measurement of the timber. You may invest a bit more upfront to have a Forever Redwood handcrafted piece, but you’ll save significantly over the decades by never having to replace it. 1×4 clear All Heart redwood lumber with no sap wood. Furniture built in Redwood saves you over 20% versus having it made identically in Mature Redwood. Indoors, furniture made from Mosaic Eco-Wood boards can be expected to last decades. Rough lumber takes more paint or stain, and holds a finish better than surfaced (smooth) lumber. The edges and sides are not smooth. Freedom from knots, or clearness, is the determinant for the highest grades. It is now perfectly square and smooth on all four sides, thus the name “S4S” or “surfaced four sides.” (From The Wood Whisperer) As far as dimensioned lumber is concerned, this is the final product, which will be shipped to your nearest Home Depot. The photos above are good color and grain examples of our five wood grades. The Douglas-fir grades vary from #1 structural select up to clear vertical grain. Western Red Cedar and Redwood . Deck Heart has a similar appearance and uses as Construction Heart but is also graded for strength. Similarly, what is rough sawn timber? Because of over-logging, almost all wood available today is from young trees. Boards are a nice clear B grade and S4S where both sides and edges are planed smooth. Available in 8′ to 20′ lengths. from 1-in. Please click here for more information on our finishes and color options. Wood quantity and resistance to decay increases as a tree ages. Is a beautiful premium quality Redwood grade (from trees averaging 100 years of age). Because it faces the rain and sun, the surface of a wood deck usually deteriorates before the foundation. It is an excellent heartwood grade recommended for many uses around the home, garden, and for general construction. Western Red Cedar and Redwood are the two most commonly used woods for pergolas, aside from pressure-treated wood. The heartwood of the Redwood grade is similar in color to the light reddish brown of the Mature Redwood (the only variation is the natural slight differences in wood color that occur from tree to tree). There is a  surcharge for knot-free orders that varies according to the item. Click here to see how to keep your furniture looking new and lasting even longer. We offer Redwood in Rough or Surfaced finish, and both Green and Air Seasoned on most items. Rough bark is also better able to protect from fires than smooth bark. This is usually the first stage of preparing wood for further, more accurate work. Sapwood has less decay resistance than the “heartwood” that grew earlier in the tree’s life. P80 Sandpaper – This is the starting grit for most hardwoods and is a staple for every wood worker. Grades are select-heart to clear-heart. Vertical grain is the most expensive lumber on the market because it is stronger, more dimensionally stable, and insures no splintering in future years/decades. 1×2 8 – 16′ 1×4 8 – 20′ 1×6 8 – 20′ 1×8 8 – 20′ 1×12 8 – 16′ 2×4 8 – 20′ 2×6 8 – 20′ 2×8 8 – 20′ 2×12 8 – 16′ 1 in x 12 in x 10 ft. Grade #3 & Better Two-Face. Most boards have tight grain because the trees grew slowly in a competitive environment—more than 10 annual growth rings/inch (sometimes up to 30 rings/inch). Below are images showing the different types of wood grades with the most popular sealant option (the recommended Transparent Premium Sealant). If you want your material in a more rough state, you’ll need to check out your local hardwood dealer. Same painting as usual. Create an account to get started today. Whenever you want a rustic look in and around your house, you want to make sure the lumber company can furnish you with a rough cut cedar as opposed to a smooth cut cedar. By doing this, the forest trees on average get larger with each passing decade. The grades of Redwood vary from con-common to A-grade clear. Plus, you can save yourself a ton of money converting roughhewn lumber to finished product; maybe enough to justify buying that planer you’ve always wanted. Boards are available from 1/2″ to 5/4” thick with widths from 2” to 12”. Saw-textured One or more faces can be resawn for a rough texture effect. Typically available kiln dried (also available unseasoned). For example, a 2x4x8' is really 1.5" x 3.5" x 8.00'. When I was a young-un in Colorado all the treated lumber was perforated like that. This is because of the shrinkage associated with planing and drying; it is cut rough and large to leave room to plane the lumber to smooth it and to allow it to shrink as it dries. Stocked items: … And rough-sawn is the only way to go if you need really thick boards. For construction above ground where there is little danger of damage from insects or decay, choose one of the sapwood grades – Clear, B Grade, Deck Common, Construction Common or Merchantable. It imparts a rustic ambiance that you just can't get using milled lumber. It's your choice whether to use rough-sawn or smooth lumber. J&W Lumber stocks: Rough Construction Common, Rough Merchantable grade, Surfaced Construction Common, Surfaced Selected Con Common and Surfaced B-Grade. Redwood is an excellent choice for most outdoor applications and is our most popular grade. Uses of Clear redwood include siding, paneling, trim, cabinetry, molding, fascia, soffits. However, there are … We stock redwood decking, siding, fence boards, and redwood for all your backyard projects. Gene Wengert, forum technical advisor It is not rocket science, but, unfortunately, it is rarely practiced elsewhere. Mill glaze is a hard, burnished surface sometimes left by milling machines on the smooth face of siding, especially cedar and redwood. For example, a standard 2 by 6 is actually only 1 ½” thick and 5 ¼” wide. Redwood is recognized for its fire resistance; in fact, redwood-clad structures are credited with limiting the extent of the great fires following the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. We stock redwood decking, siding, fence boards, and redwood for all your backyard projects. When I resided my house I used preprimed redwood fascia boards that I hoarded up for years after the local yard shut down. Left out in the harsh year-round sun, rain and snow without maintenance, Douglas-fir is guaranteed not to decay in any climate for 10 years. S3S – The board has been surfaced S2S first, then one edge is ripped straight (also known as SLR1E or straight line ripped one edge). They may develop a light crack after a few years out in the weather, but never a splinter. Mature Redwood is an excellent value because of its great moisture and insect resistance and significant cost savings in relation to the Old-Growth Redwood. We offer Redwood in Rough or Surfaced finish, and both Green and Air Seasoned on most items. Also quality decking, garden structures and other above-ground applications. The principal difference between the two grades is that Clear contains sapwood. Don’t want to assemble? But, it holds up surprising well in moist, as well as dry or severe, climates in year-round outdoor weather. rough stock. All redwood siding patterns are available with smooth-surfaced or resawn faces. The more you know regarding rough cedar lumber, the easier it will be to determine what projects you can take on when you have access to the wood. (1/4-in.on thicker stock) when you plane a roughsawn board smooth. First off, despite having “red” in both names, Redwood has the darker red-brown hue while WRC is more on the yellow side. Redwood VS Cedar facts. Our Forever Redwood Furniture is built to last for decades without maintenance. Due to its hardness, you will find that you have to sharpen your tools frequently while working on hickory. The secret to longevity begins and ends with the wood: Like all wood species, Redwood is available in several grades depending on where the board is cut in a tree trunk, how old the tree is, how the wood developed and in what direction the board was cut. Rough bark is best suited to withstand harsh changes in weather from one season to the next such as the freeze-thaw cycle from winter to spring. Redwood or pine may also be grains used with these styles. Available surfaced or saw-textured. And rough-sawn is the only way to go if you need really thick boards. For example, an 8x8x8 will measure approximately 8 inches by 8 inches for a true 8x8x8. Excellence of appearance is a major factor in the grading of redwood. In most cases, you can expect it to last longer. Plus, you can save yourself a ton of money converting roughhewn lumber to finished product; maybe enough to justify buying that planer you’ve always wanted. All boards are air and/or kiln-dried to a 12% moisture content for the best long-term finish and stability. Rain … It had a smooth side and a rough side. Rough lumber thicknesses are measured in 1/4-in. Typically available kiln dried (also available unseasoned). Thin and light wood furniture just can't survive decades out in the weather. Also fine decks, hot tubs surrounds, furniture, garden structures, industrial storage and processing tanks. Planed all round , however, means that all the wood surfaces have been planed this means that the timber has been brought to a uniform level which is smooth and ready to be worked on or presented. When dealing with the harshness of rain and weather it is often preferred to have a smooth surface to allow the water to shed quicker but in the case of siding or roofing materials that will be stained the rough unplaned side will hold coatings better. Sub-options within this style deal with surface and thickness. Redwood Fencing – Our stock of redwood material for fencing is made of all heartwood and is available in all five of our redwood grades. All Forever Redwood furniture boards are cut extra-thick for added longevity. You won’t have to replace the set for decades whether you decide to do some aesthetic maintenance every few years or not. Click here to see how to keep your furniture looking new and lasting even longer. #3 and better two face grade - rough and smooth side will be virtually wane free; Naturally resistant to rot and decay; Actual size: dimensions at time of manufacture. 1 Face Smooth V-Joint 1 x 6 - Nickel Gap Tongue & Groove - 1 Face Rough. Uses of Deck Heart include decks, fences, posts, retaining walls, garden structures, stairs or other outdoor applications on or near soil. Either choice ensures you will have a quality wood pergola. For $21 we’ll expedite your samples anywhere in the U.S. or Canada (includes HI and AK). But smooth bark also has significant advantages, … ... and has a rough, straight grain. A proper finish keeps rough wood supple, prevents it from fading, cracking and enhances its natural beauty. The thinnest rough-cut boards, labeled 4/4, and called four quarter, are 1-in. x 10 Left out in the harsh year-round sun, rain and snow without maintenance, Redwood is guaranteed not to decay in any climate for 15 years. For example, an 8x8x8 will measure approximately 8 inches by 8 inches for a true 8x8x8. Left out in the harsh year-round sun, rain and snow without maintenance, Old-Growth Redwood is guaranteed not to decay in any climate for 30 years. Restoration forestry severely limits timber harvesting so the forest will mature to old-growth again. Is it cheaper to buy wood at a lumber yard? To add protection for wetter or harsher climates, we recommend our premium sealant options (see Finish Options & Furniture Care to see how to keep your furniture looking new and lasting even longer). 1 Face Smooth 1 x 6 - Rough Faced V-Joint. Some of these trees were alive over 1,500 years ago. The only difference between Redwood and the Mature Redwood grade is the inclusion of “sapwood”. We’ve been building furniture for employees and custom orders out of Douglas-fir with great results for years. Although not recommended, if you prefer 100% knot-free furniture in any wood grade, just let us know. As a general rule, all heartwood grades of redwood will have the word “Heart” in the grade name. Old-Growth Again practices restoration forestry. Yes it's 100% reclaimed lumber. Clearness (freedom from knots) is the determinant for the highest grades. The secret to avoiding splinters is always to follow these 5 steps: New to Forever Redwood? Rough-cut lumber is just what the name implies: it's fuzzy with exposed fibers with an inconsistent surface. Just compare the girth of our products with our competitors. Any redwood beam you order from us can be obtained mill-rough, surfaced smooth or finely re-sawn on all four sides. Is a strong economical alternative (from trees averaging 50 to 100 years of age). Forever Redwood is the only company that still makes furniture from Old-Growth Redwood (that we know of!). I moved to Oklahoma for school and noticed that it was all smooth. Deck Heart is an all heartwood grade containing knots of varying sizes and other slight imperfections; available seasoned or unseasoned. It is left literally rough and needs to be dried, planed, and otherwise finished. Understanding the durability of the wood is important because it helps determine the best use for the lumber (e.g. All of our pergola kits and cedar planter box kits are built using quality, durable wood that is … Same general characteristics as Deck Heart, but contains a combination of heartwood and sapwood. If you're into woodworking even a little bit, you should consider buying rough-sawn lumber for your next project. Our T&G, Shiplap and Channel Lap redwood siding patterns are reversible with one rough and one smooth face. Secondly, Redwood can be found with a larger grade variety and its grain tends to be more on the subtle side compared to the more rustic and pronounced grain of clear WRC. Click here to see how to keep your furniture looking new and lasting even longer. Wet lumber cracks aggressively when it dries and it begins the splintering process. Available kiln dried or unseasoned. The secret is in the wood. 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