In the United States, the largest formations providing shale oil are found in the Permian, Eagle Ford, and Bakken Basins. Deep spending cuts that came with the collapse in fuel demand and oil prices due to the COVID-19 pandemic have ended an era that put the U.S. atop the ranks of the world's biggest producers. [27] Petrobras produces in their Petrosix plant 550 tons of oil per day from 6,200 tons of shale, a yield of 9%. It is used in heating oil, marine fuels, and the production of various chemicals. China, Estonia, New Zealand, South Africa, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland produced shale oil in the early 20th century. Tight oil differs from shale oil because tight oil can be extracted from not just shale formations but also sandstone and carbonates. About half of the oil shales in the Green River Formation yield less than 10 US gal/ton. Shale oil refers to hydrocarbons that are trapped in formations of shale rock. A typical shale oil composition includes 0.5–1% of oxygen, 1.5–2% of nitrogen and 0.15–1% of sulfur, and some deposits contain more heteroatoms. The richest oil shale ranges from brown to black in colour. The shale industry will be the greatest short and medium-term contributor to the supply destruction that the current oil price environment is inflicting on the global oil industry. Permeability refers to the ability of fluids and gases to pass through the rock. Shale oil can also contain significant quantities of heteroatoms. The temperature at which the kerogen decomposes into usable hydrocarbons varies with the time-scale of the process; in the above-ground retorting process decomposition begins at 300 °C (570 °F), but proceeds more rapidly and completely at higher temperatures. [4] In the 10th century, the Arabic physician Masawaih al-Mardini (Mesue the Younger) first described a method of extracting oil from "some kind of bituminous shale". The oxygen within the oil, present at higher levels than in crude oil, lends itself to the formation of destructive free radicals. [16], Hydrogenation and thermal dissolution (reactive fluid processes) extract the oil using hydrogen donors, solvents, or a combination of these. Exploring Types of Natural Gas Liquids – NGL, U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Shale oil is also different than oil shale. Meaning of shale oil. The definition of Shale Oil is followed by practically usable example sentences which allow you to construct your own sentences based on it. As of 2008, most oil shale industries perform the shale oil extraction process after the rock is mined, crushed and transported to a retorting facility, although several experimental technologies perform the process in place (in-situ). ‘Carbonaceous shale, including oil shale, occurs in beds of clayey to silty mudrock from 0.3 to 3 m thick.’ ‘The term ‘fossil fuels’ is commonly used for the materials tar sands, oil, gas condensates, natural gas, coal, and oil shale and their products.’ Definition - What does Oil Shale mean? ‘The targets are oil, coal, shale oil, and, if you believe the oil industry's press releases, the largest trove of natural gas on the continent.’ ‘The first oil refinery in Australia to contain a catalytic cracking unit was at Glen Davis, producing 160000 barrels a day of crude shale oil.’ : a crude dark oil obtained from oil shale by heating. [40], Before World War II, most shale oil was upgraded for use as transport fuels. Proper usage and audio pronunciation (plus IPA phonetic transcription) of the word oil shale. "[10] Modern shale oil extraction industries were established in France during the 1830s and in Scotland during the 1840s. Distillate oils from the Kiviter process can also be used as diluents for petroleum-originated heavy oils and as an adhesive-enhancing additive in bituminous materials such as asphalt. A report by EASAC to the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy of the European Parliament", American Association of Petroleum Geologists, "Geology and resources of some world oil-shale deposits. Oil shale definition, a black or dark-brown shale or siltstone rich in bitumens, from which shale oil is obtained by destructive distillation. The “Shale Revolution” refers to the combination of hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling that enabled the United States to significantly increase its production of oil and natural gas, particularly from tight oil formations, which now account for 36% of total U.S. crude oil production. See more. The shale industry has made America the world’s top producer of crude oil. Shale oil definition: an oil distilled from shales and used as fuel | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples What does oil shale mean? Essentially, it is oil trapped in solid form inside various rock formations. The refined products can be used for the same purposes as those derived from crude oil. [28], The properties of raw shale oil vary depending on the composition of the parent oil shale and the extraction technology used. WordSense.eu - English dictionary containing information about the meaning, the spelling, anagrams and more.We answer the question: What does shale oil‎ mean? The rise of U.S. shale shook up world energy markets in recent years. a dark brown pungent oil, containing pyridine and hydrocarbons, obtained by the destructive distillation of bones bone fusel turpentine Which industrial oil am I? This temperature and pressure vary with the depth of the reservoir. [17][18][19][20], A critical measure of the viability of extraction of shale oil lies in the ratio of the energy produced by the oil shale to the energy used in its mining and processing, a ratio known as "Energy Returned on Energy Invested" (EROEI). Mineral particles and metals are often present as well. Petroleum and natural gas are probably the most familiar hydrocarbons. Crude oil occurs in underground at elevated pressure and temperature. Shale's struggles are making news around the globe and could have various implications for the Canadian oil and gas sector, whether it's on prices or discussions on energy security. These processes convert the organic matter within the rock (kerogen) into synthetic oil and gas. Definition of shale oil. The differing properties of the raw oils call for correspondingly various pre-treatments before it can be sent to a conventional oil refinery. The remaining shale oil companies are hoarding cash to stay alive. [37][38] Olefins form insoluble sediments and cause instability. Oil Shale is a sedimentary rock that has naturally occurring mixture of organic chemical compounds called as “Kerogen” which when heated yields crude oil. shale gas definition: 1. natural gas that is found in shale (= a type of soft, grey rock): 2. natural gas that is found…. "[7][8][9] Later sold as Betton's British Oil, the distilled product was said to have been "tried by diverse persons in Aches and Pains with much benefit. [15] About one sixth of the oil shales in the Green River Formation have a relatively high yield of 25 to 100 US gallons (95 to 379 l; 21 to 83 imp gal) of shale oil per ton of oil shale; about one third yield from 10 to 25 US gallons (38 to 95 l; 8.3 to 20.8 imp gal) per ton. The oil resulting from this processing can either be used immediately as a fuel or processed some more to meet r… Hydrocarbons are substances made entirely of hydrogen and carbon. Video shows what oil shale means. George P. Mitchell pioneered modern shale drilling, which combined the decades-old technologies of hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, and horizontal drilling to crack open shale rock and tap into previously inaccessible reservoirs of crude and natural gas. shale meaning: 1. a type of soft, grey rock, usually formed from clay that has become hard, that breaks easily…. Fracking is a slang term for hydraulic fracturing. Countries with the largest amount of technically recoverable shale oil resources include Russia, the United States, China, Argentina, and Libya. These processes convert the organic matter within the rock (kerogen) into synthetic oil and gas. Shale oil extraction has been made viable thanks to the development of horizontal drilling techniques and hydraulic fracturing (fracking), which allows oil and natural gas producers to efficiently extract resources from shale rock and other low-permeability rock formations. The “Shale Revolution” refers to the combination of hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling that enabled the United States to significantly increase its production of oil and natural gas, particularly from tight oil formations, which now account for 36% of total U.S. crude oil production. [2][3], Oil shale was one of the first sources of mineral oil used by humans. OPEC’s oil ministers have a few challenges to consider at a crucial summit next week, but for the first time in years the shale boom won’t be at the top of the list. Shale oil, likely responsible for an outsized climate impact over the last decade, ... meaning its liabilities exceed its assets. The shale play is one of the largest in terms of geographic area, and the United States Geological Survey (USGS) estimates the formation’s total area to be around 95,000 square miles, ranging in … Shale oil has not to exposed to sufficient pressure and temperature to convert trapped hydrocarbons into crude oil. Afterwards, it was used as a raw material for chemical intermediates, pure chemicals and industrial resins, and as a railroad wood preservative. Shale oil is a substitute for conventional crude oil; however, extracting shale oil from oil shale is more costly than the production of conventional crude oil both financially and in terms of its environmental impact. [14], The production of shale oil has been hindered because of technical difficulties and costs. Meaning of oil shale. This has allowed companies to start extracting oil and gas from less-permeable rocks such as shale, opening up vast new fields collectively called unconventional reservoirs. Shale oil is the oil that is produced in an informal way from the oil shale rock formations by using different techniques. Info. The oil and natural gas industry often refers to tight oil rather than shale oil when estimating production and resources. [22] Royal Dutch Shell reported an EROEI of three to four in 2006 on its in situ development in the "Mahogany Research Project. Shale oil is an unconventional oil that is extracted from shale rock. Liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons can be extracted from oil shale, but the rock must be heated and/or treated with solvents. The resulting oil can be used immediately as a fuel or upgraded to meet refinery feedstock specifications by adding hydrogen and removing impurities such as sulfur and nitrogen. The emergence of U.S. shale production seems to be playing a large role in anchoring long-term oil prices. You can also find multiple synonyms or similar words of Shale Oil. Because oil shale requires mining and energy-intensive refining processes, it's a substantially dirtier energy source than conventional liquid oil. Oil shale, despite the name, does not actually contain oil, but is a precursor of oil that is converted to crude oil when heated. [29] Like conventional oil, shale oil is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons, and it is characterized using bulk properties of the oil. First, let us understand more about shale rock. Another 20% will teeter on the edge. 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