My thanks to the Pillbox Study Group for this excerpt, which explains the thinking behind pillboxes and other defence structures that […], We welcome new members to the PSG. This will be done by means of stops and strong-points prepared for all round defence at aerodromes which are necessary to prevent the enemy obtaining air superiority, at the main centres of communications and distributed in depth over a wide area covering London and the centres of production and supply. Physicians describe taking prescribed medications properly as adherence or compliance to a drug regimen. Online viewer for the Extended Defence of Britain Database as maintained by Steve Thompson. Visit … Committed To The Study & Preservation Of 20th Century United Kingdom & International Pillboxes & Anti-Invasion Defences The Pillbox Study Group accepts no responsibility for any damages or injuries caused by ignoring this advice. It is therefore necessary to adopt measures for confining his actions until such time as mobile columns can arrive to deal with him. Pill Box and GHQ Line Websites. River Whitewater Shellproof Pillbox Rescue Archaeology, Spigot Mortar Emplacement Rescue Archaeology, Breamore Mill, River Avon, Ringwood Stopline, National Trust North Downs GHQ Line B Pillbox Event. SKE6447. In 1940, the three services each established camouflage branches. Historic Military Press. In theory, sorting pills or groups of pills according to whenthey are to be taken makes taking them on schedule easier to remember. Each district linking nurse was assigned 10 interviews, 5 from the intervention group and 5 from a control group. Official Handbook of the Pillbox Study Group. This system of stops and strong-points will prevent the enemy from running riot and tearing the guts out of the country as had happend in France and Belgium.”, […] one, were made of concrete that was sufficiently thick to be bullet proof. Members receive the journal ', Hitler’s threatened British Invasion 1940, Aldershot Command’s 2- Pounder Emplacement, Mowlem 6 Pounder Drum Pillbox Shalford Surrey. Hexagonal pillbox at ground level (mainly filled in). Pillboxes: A Study of UK Defences. View the interactive map, or search through the database for a particular record. newspapers and journals loopholes : the journal of the pillbox study group [and the united kingdom fortification club] Ewshot Pillbox Restoration “Exclusive” September 7th 2013. eDoB Online (ver 18.3) Online viewer for the Extended Defence of Britain Database as maintained by Steve Thompson. Download Pillbox Database for Google Earth + Web Version. With many homebound patients on a dozen or more medications, medication management can … NR31 9PZ. The PSG does not encourage members to undertake the ad hoc clearance of vegetation from pillboxes and other defences, as it can expose them to physical damage and inappropriate use, it may also contravene a variety of statutory regulations including, listed buildings and SSSI designations. The basic concept was detailed in a Southern Command memo dated 22nd June 1940 (public Records Office WO 199/1800) covering the construction of GHQ Zones, which stated: “The immediate object is to divide England into several small fields surrounded by a hedge of anti-tank obstacles which is strong defensively, using natural accidents of the ground where possible. CS1 maint: ref=harv ; Wills, Henry (1985). Out now the Spotter’s guide to pillboxes, a 52 page booklet which attempts to “explain the presence of the thousands of pillboxes still to be seen across the countryside and along the coasts.”Available only from the Pillbox Study Group.Get your copy by sending a Cheque for £5 (made out to Pillbox Study Group) to Alistair Graham Kerr, ‘Casemate’ 7 Burgh Castle, Marine Butt Lane, Burgh Castle, Norfolk. pillbox-study-group.org.uk Competitive Analysis, Marketing Mix and Traffic Facebook The PSG does not encourage members to undertake the ad hoc clearance of vegetation from pillboxes, as it can expose them to physical damage and inappropriate use, it may also contravene a variety of statutory regulations including, listed buildings and SSSI designations. The originally jocular name arose from their perceived similarity to the cylindrical and hexagonal boxes in which medical pills were once sold.1 They are in effect a trench firing step hardened to protect against small-arms fire and grenades and raised to improve the field of fire. They were built to protect important maritime approaches such as the Thame… Hankley Common’s Atlantic Wall D-Day Practise Area. Damaging a listed or scheduled monument can be considered as a Heritage Crime. The first known example is the Cow Tower, Norwich, built in 1398, which was of brick and had three storeys with the upper storeys pierced for six guns each. Committed To The Study & Preservation Of 20th Century United Kingdom & International Pillboxes & Anti-Invasion Defences. The major period of construction was in the maritime defence programmes of Henry VIII between 1539 and 1545. The Pillbox Study Group (PSG) is for those who believe that ‘History’ did not end with the dawning of the 20th Century and that defences and fortifications built of ‘Concrete’ are as important as those built in the time of the Romans or the Normans. For example using the smart pillbox the Senior citizens that were taking more than 1 pill a day the rate of mistakes dropped over 90%. The study recorded as well as time-stamped the time the pills were taken. Extant wartime records were thought to be fairly poor, and nobody could be sure how many pillboxes and related hardened field defences had survived—or indeed, how many had been constructed in the first place. MEASUREMENTS AND PRIMARY OUTCOMES: The response variable was the TC measured using the Morisky-Green questionnaire at the beginning and at 2 months. Bulletproof and Shellproof Pillboxes of Regular Hexagon shape –Type 22 Although pillboxes in the group Type 22 follow similar guidelines, each individual pillbox is different. The complete data set is available as a kmz file for Google Earth from This Site and is used here courtesy of Steve Thompson. SECTION 13 of the Instruction stated: “The general plan of defence is a combination of mobile columns and static defences by means of strong-points and stops. Southern Railway Pillbox, Hook Heath, Woking, Surrey. Members were drawn from government ministries and departments, along with the Air Ministry, Armed Forces and Admiralty, but no central body had sole responsibility. The humble, if ubiquitous, Pillbox is often the first example of a defensive work seen by many people. Leo Cooper. Committed To The Study & Preservation Of 20th Century United Kingdom & International Pillboxes & Anti-Invasion Defences. A Pillbox Study Group assessment concluded the structure is actually a Vickers Gun Emplacement (2) 1> CBA Defence of Britain Project, 1994, Defence of Britain Site Report (Bibliographic reference). We welcome new members to the PSG. CS1 maint: ref=harv ; Slatford, John (May–June 2005). A Stop-Line would be a continuous anti-tank obstacle, natural if possible, covered by Pillboxes and other prepared positions. PILLBOX STUDY GROUP. Pillboxes are concrete dug-in guard posts, normally equipped with loopholes through which to fire weapons. North Downs Way Shellproof Type 24 Variant. Spotter’s Guide to Pillboxes & other anti-invasion structures of WWII. This diversity can be seen by differences in wall thickness, the amount of rifle loops, the materials used for construction, camouflage and other modifications such as shutters and blast walls. This study will build on Marek’s previous research and pilot studies which showed that the MD.2, or “smart” pillbox, helps memory-impaired patients take their medications on time. SKE52253. However mobile such columns may be they cannot be expected to operate immediately over the whole area in which it is possible for the enemy to attempt invasion by sea or air. Visit our website at www.pillbox-study-group.org.uk. Throughout the Second World War, several committees were established to co-ordinate British camouflage policies and practices. It is the aim of this website to introduce to you some of the more common Anti-Invasion structures that you are still likely to find surviving around the world, and in particular our own countryside and to give you an idea of the reasoning behind their particular locations. We currently have over 300 members in six countries. This indicates that the stop-lines were constructed to block the progress of German armoured columns, setting them up for a counter attack by our defending forces. Kettlebury Hill, Assault Training Observation Bunker. Pillbox Study Group has 1,817 members. Vegetation clearance should only ever be undertaken as part of a formal arrangement, having sought and obtained permission from the land owner and other necessary authorities. It's also available from The Pillbox Study Group As static defence only provides limited protection of the most vulnerable points, it must be supplemented by the action of mobile columns. Mar 5, 2018 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DsdSpBaFZxo Anti-Tank Vertical Rails, East Sussex. Should Armoured Fighting Vehicles attack or airborne attacks break into the enclosures the policy will be to close the gate by blocking the crossing over the obstacles and to let the ‘dogs’ in the shape of armoured formations, or other troops, to round up the cattle”. North Downs Way Shellproof Type 24 Variant. Ewshot Pillbox Restoration “Exclusive” September 7th 2013. A pillbox is a type of blockhouse, or concrete dug-in guard post, normally equipped with loopholes through which to fire weapons. Basingstoke Canal Type 26/Stent Prefab Rescue, Basingstoke Canal Unique GHQ Line A Pillbox Rescue. ISBN 0-436-57360-1. We are particularly interested in recruiting new members and relish the chance to explore any new sites that you can tell us about. Gould and her team surveyed 135 people between the ages of 49 and 94 years, all of whom l… The result was the construction of Stop – Lines, consisting of man made objects located to enhance the natural ‘lay of the land’. In the late 1970s, journalist Henry Wills began research on the topic, eventually publishing Pillboxes: A Study of UK Defences in 1985. Basingstoke Canal Type 26/Stent Prefab Rescue, Basingstoke Canal Unique GHQ Line A Pillbox Rescue. We are the Internationally recognised group committed to the study and preservation of Pillboxes and Anti-Invasion Defences in... See more. The Pillbox Study Group. Southern Railway Pillbox, Hook Heath, Woking, Surrey. ISBN 1-901313-20-4. 2> Pillbox Study Group, Pillbox Study Group communication (Verbal communication). 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