While immigration had previously been the primary source of New Zealand’s population increase, there was a net loss of population from the late-1880s. The Games were sports meets that brought together Scottish settlers and the wider New Zealand public. Since the vast majority of the Scottish population lived in the lowlands, it is not surprising that this area was the origin of about 60% of New Zealand's Scots immigrants. And that despite the fact that the country was ‘the most distant of the Commonwealth nations . There are about 90 Scottish dancing clubs in New Zealand Click on the map to find one near you 3095, Category I). The name Highlanders was chosen after the early Scottish settlers in the lower South Island. Scottish Society of New Zealand. Address to the Haggis - Ross Fraser. From the mid-1850s to c. 1880, McClean estimates that around fifty-three thousand Scots travelled directly from a port in the United Kingdom to a destination in New Zealand. Locations in New Zealand with a Scottish name is similar to these topics: Locations in South Africa with a Scottish name, Locations in Australia with a Scottish name, Scottish New Zealanders and more. & Keay, J. New Zealand, described a report published in Wellington’s Evening Post in 1931, was the place ‘where so many Scottish compatriots have carried their virtues and customs to form a great and flourishing Dominion.’ And indeed, the Scots have been fundamental in shaping New Zealand society. From the 1860s, these societies organised annual Caledonian Games throughout New Zealand. we find reproduced just those characteristics that make for our race. All over New Zealand, the Scots developed different means to bridge the old homeland and the new. To provide the necessary assistance for a large number of migrants, a  good £20 million was borrowed on the London capital market by the New Zealand government. It was in this phase that Otago’s character as a Scottish settlement was first challenged, though Scots were still being specifically recruited to the settlement in significant numbers. Blue is also the predominant colour of the Flag of Scotland, and is used by many sports teams in that country. in 1956, when the figure was 46,401, making Scotland the second most common place of birth. When William Pember Reeves wrote his history of New Zealand, he was impelled to observe that Dunedin, ‘the plodding, brave, clannish, and cantankerous little community soon ceased to be altogether Scottish’.¹ Indeed, the pioneers seemed almost swamped by the flood of gold-seekers which poured in after 1861. Tanja Bueltmann, "'No Colonists are more Imbued with their National Sympathies than Scotchmen,'", "Expatriate Scottish Regiments", p808 in Keay, J. They include: "Kilted Kiwi" is a nickname given to New Zealanders who would go on to play in the Scotland national rugby union team. Scottish emigrants in New Zealand Peter Fraser He was an important politician who helped to found the New Zealand Labour Party in 1916 - he was elected as Prime Minister of New Zealand in 1940. Drystone walls have been pushed out and over. The South Island also contains the Strath-Taieri and the Ben Ohau Range of mountains, both combining Scots Gaelic and Maori origins. Captain William Cargill, a veteran of the Peninsular War, served as the colony's first leader: Otago citizens subsequently elected him to the office of Superintendent. The second phase of Scottish migration to New Zealand ran from the mid-1850s to 1870 and was primarily shaped by the discovery of gold in the South Island, first in Otago and later on the West Coast. The total number of Waipū Scots excee… His plans for the centre of Dunedin included a large Octagonal area (Moray Place) enclosing a smaller octagonal shape, originally designated as a reserve. New Zealand became a British territory in 1840 and in the four following decades immigration, not natural increase, was the main source of New Zealand's population growth. Remains of a typical Scottish/Celtic homestead. They were mostly single (although differences between national groups indicate different migratory streams), highly transient, and of agricultural, mining, or pre-industrial background. ... Catriona, who works as a doctor at Wellington Hospital and moved to New Zealand over four years ago hasn’t been home since 2018. I live in New Zealand’s lakes district, in the lovely central north island tourist town of Rotorua, with my beautiful wife and eight-year old son Cameron. In the past, Scottish army regiments have been raised from New Zealand, and their successor units still exist in the New Zealand Army. By contrast, the final phase, up to 1930, witnessed reinvigorated flows. Captain William Cargill, a veteran of the war against Napoleon, was the secular leader. The name comes from Dùn Èideann, the Scottish Gaelic name for Edinburgh, the Scottish capital. It was only during the First World War that immigration numbers stalled. If you're ordering out at a restaurant, you might try some purple kumara (sweet potatoes), capsicum (bell peppers), feijoa (a tangy New Zealand fruit often mixed into smoothies), or a classic L&P (a lemonade-like soft drink that means Lemon and Paeroa). The colony divided itself into counties in 1876, two in Otago being named after the Scottish independence heroes Wallace and Bruce. Scottish News. The New Zealand Scot, founded in 1912 in Dunedin, was published under a variety of titles in Auckland and Wellington until, as The New Zealand Scotsman, it folded in 1933. A modern native NZ Scottish/Celt surveys the ruins. To ease pressures on the post-war British economy, policies of state intervention had been formulated to promote cohesion and unity between Britain and her colonies. Viewed as hard-working, decent, and reliable, Scots were desired pioneer settlers. It was in this phase that Otago’s character as a Scottish settlement was first challenged, though Scots were still being specifically recruited to the settlement in significant … (from 12th Century New Zealand?) However, these figures only include people born in Scotland, not those New Zealanders who claim a Scottish identity through their parents, grandparents, or even further back. . Through words – and of course, lots of analogue photographs, let me show you … The Branch publishes an annual magazine with contributions from all the regions. Scottish Diaspora in New Zealand: Part One. Empire Settlement, as noted earlier, was a direct response to the First World War, stimulating a new infl ux of migrants in the early inter-war years. In the 1961 census there were 47,078 people living in New Zealand who were born in Scotland; in the 2013 census there were 25,953 in this category. One special settlement was that of Stewart Island, the destination of a significant group of Shetland Islanders. Scottish Society of New Zealand - Inc, Christchurch, New Zealand. The early 1870s marked the beginning of a co-ordinated central government programme of state assistance for willing immigrants, chiefly through Julius Vogel’s Immigration and Public Works scheme. The Scottish ardour engendered by General Sir Hector Macdonald’s visit to New Zealand in 1901 still remained, and the gathered group were intent on their purpose of forming a new Scottish Society in the city itself to celebrate their Scottish heritage. For some years Scottish societies had a national magazine. It is in this period that early Scottish pioneers like John Logan Campbell made their mark. The Games were sports meets that brought together Scottish settlers and the wider New Zealand public. Tay, and Spey. In so doing, the Games gave Scots a path to cultural integration as Scottish New Zealanders. However, identification as "British" or "European" New Zealanders can sometimes obscure their origin. The Canterbury Branch of the Caledonian Society built their Caledonian Hall in 1923, designed by architect Henry St Aubyn Murray in a conservative style (NZHPT Reg. While there were Scots among the transients in pre-1840 New Zealand, the first significant phase starts with the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi and runs until the mid-1850s. [17], The University's coat of arms was granted by the Lord Lyon King of Arms on 21 January 1948, and features a yellow saltire, on blue. Most of the immigrants who entered New Zealand during these years were born in the UK, and of these about one quarter were Scots. This is a list of placenames in Scotland which have subsequently been applied to parts of New Zealand by Scottish emigrants or explorers. (Many of Invercargill's main streets are named after Scottish rivers: Dee, Tay, Spey, Esk, Don, Doon, Clyde, etc.). [16] An ordinance of the council established the university in 1869, giving it 100,000 acres (400 km2) of land, and the power to grant degrees in Arts, Medicine, Law and Music. This was certainly higher than the 23% English and the less than 2% from Ireland, but it was a far cry from the founders’ vision of the settlement. Today, the architecture, shops and street signs pay homage to the area’s history. The Disruption of 1843 shaped the scheme, with a number of Free Church secessionists involved in the planning for the settlement. We would welcome more input from NZ so if anyone else fancies getting … Despite these developments, the number of Scots entering New Zealand between 1891 and 1915 remained relatively constant. Some of these have been recognised by the New Zealand Historic Places Trust. Coincidentally I’m back in New Zealand just now for a visit and a number of activities (see here for details). . The gold-seekers were a very different type of migrant from the early pioneers. Devised to improve New Zealand’s infrastructure through the building of railways, telegraph lines, and roads, the scheme offered assisted passages in return for labour. Perhaps you have a Scottish ancestor or know of someone who does - prior to 1920 about 25 per cent of migrants to NZ were Scottish. In 1854 they secured land at Waipū in Northland. In 2018, New Zealand Branch celebrates its 50th year as a branch of the RSCDS. Browne agreed to the petition and gave the name Invercargill to the settlement north of the port. The Octagon was first laid out during Charles Kettle's surveying of the city in 1846. These included the Revd Thomas Burns of Dumfriesshire, who was offered the position of minister to the migrants in mid-1843 by the Colonial Committee of the Free Church of Scotland. The main streets of Invercargill, one of the most southern cities in the world, are named after Scottish rivers Dee, Don, Esk. The Lay Association of the Free Church of Scotland founded Dunedin at the head of Otago Harbour in 1848 as the principal town of its Scottish settlement. Explore New Zealand in this in-depth adventure documentary This is an adventure movie shot in a spectral and exotic South Pacific island nation by Rick Howard. . Despite the reserve status, the Church of England sought to build in the centre of the Octagon, applying directly to Governor Sir George Grey. Other so-called "kilted Kiwis" apart from Sean Lineen have included: However, this has not always been a one way trade. Initially set up as a scheme for ex-servicemen under the newly formed Overseas Settlement Committee, assisted passages were provided for war veterans from 1 January 1920. This can be contrasted with the mid-20th century, e.g. | Theme by ThemeinProgress I’m even an official citizen of New Zealand now – but have also held onto my British Passport too. The New Zealand city of Dunedin has an enduring Scottish connection. Otago Superintendent William Cargill was put in charge of the dispute, resulting in the Anglicans being forced to withdraw their plans for The Octagon (The Anglican St. Paul's Cathedral stands today at the northern edge of The Octagon). Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand notes that in many cases, the distinctive features of Scottish settlers were often wiped out in a generation or two, and replaced with a British identity which consisted mostly of English culture: [13] Charles Kettle the city's surveyor, instructed to emulate the characteristics of Edinburgh, produced a striking, 'Romantic' design. [14] The result was both grand and quirky streets as the builders struggled and sometimes failed to construct his bold vision across the challenging landscape. This time a decade ago I had just started packing. The foundations of New Zealand settlement were well and truly laid by pioneers who faced adventure, withstood hardship, and maintained under all conditions of difficulty a determination to plant in this distant part of the world a “new Britain”. Dunedin's main rugby team are called The Highlanders. - First Scots in New Zealand Sailing Ship "City of Adelaide" Took Emigrants to Australia The first time that Scotland had sent an organised group of emigrants to settle abroad was the ill-fated "Darien Scheme" in Panama at the very end of the 18th century. The South Island has strong Scottish associations with Otago and Southland provinces. They established communities that were strongly Scottish i… Step into the world of highly prized traditional woven tartan fabric. The second phase of Scottish migration to New Zealand ran from the mid-1850s to 1870 and was primarily shaped by the discovery of gold in the South Island, first in Otago and later on the West Coast. Scottish Influence in New Zealand. The original "kilted Kiwi" was Sean Lineen. It was not until building was about to commence that the local (predominantly Scottish and Presbyterian) community became aware of what was happening. "'No Colonists are more Imbued with their National Sympathies than Scotchmen,'". They have had a mixed reception, but have included some notable players. Its name comes from the Gaelic word for Edinburgh, and Thomas Burns, nephew to famous Scots poet Robert Burns, was among the early settlers. Scottish New Zealanders are New Zealanders of Scottish ancestry or who originate from Scotland. After less than a year in New Zealand, Burr had tasted the promised land of a Super Rugby squad, played in a warm-up game against the Crusaders, and marked the cards of the franchise coaches. Notable Scottish placenames in New Zealand include: Many of the artificial lakes that have been formed as part of the Waitaki River hydroelectric scheme have also been given Scottish names, among them Lake Benmore and Lake Aviemore. It was the pinnacle of his odyssey on the other side of the world, but only one step on a journey he hopes will last some time yet. Scottish place names in New Zealand include Oban, Hamilton, and Napier. Many of the prime ministers of New Zealand have been of Scottish descent. The main point here is that recruitment schemes in Scotland, together with the direct departure from Scottish ports, secured a strong Scottish contingent in this early settlement phase, a contingent that was reserved not just for Otago. Scottish Food and Hampers offer a large selection of gift hampers perfect for any occasion. Scots immigrants in New Zealand. "[15] The colours of the Highlanders encompasses the provincial colours of North Otago, Otago, and Southland; yellow, blue and maroon. The only change was a slight shift from the East Lowlands around Edinburgh to the West Lowlands around Glasgow. Patterson, Brad; Brooking, Tom; McAloon, Jim, This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 18:24. This story traces notable moments in the arrival of Scots from the time of Captain Cook onwards - explorers, sealers, whalers, missionaries and settlers. Invercargill has the appearance of a Scottish name, since it combines the Scottish prefix "Inver" (Inbhir), meaning a river's mouth, with "Cargill", the name of a Scottish official. Originally part of Otago Province, Southland Province (a small part of the present Region, centred on Invercargill) was one of the provinces of New Zealand from 1861 until 1870. Prior to arrival, Burns had already acquired a reputation for his strict moral standards, which he sought to anchor in the colony by selecting the ‘ideal’ Presbyterian settlers, leading Sinclair to later describe him as ‘a censorious bigot’. .’. The Scottish Gaelic language and culture did not fare well. Conditions in Foveaux Strait prevented immigrants from using their skills, and poor preservation methods made selling their catch all the more difficult. These migrants brought with them trades and skills, ideas and beliefs, and, above all, a desire for a better life. Over 500 Scottish Clan tartans stocked, in ties, scarves, bow ties, caps, berets, shawls, throws and rugs. Coming less then ten years after the end of the First World War, the New Zealand Prime Minister’s statement does not surprise. According to Collins Encyclopaedia of Scotland: The Otago and Southland Regiment is still linked to the Highlanders in the British Army. Dunedin founders Thomas Burns and James Macandrew urged the Otago Provincial Council during the 1860s to set aside a land endowment for an institute of higher education. Mass unemployment, particularly among skilled male workers, was high; in the shipbuilding industry alone the average rate of unemployment in the 1920s was 29%. Send gifts with ease to Aotearoa New Zealand. This  was the combined result of a lower number of immigrants, assisted and unassisted, and economic depression, also triggering the introduction of the fi rst anti-immigration legislation. Many were Scots trying to escape the economic hardship caused by the decline of the traditional heavy industries in Scotland after the short-lived post-war boom. The settlement, however, was ill conceived. Provincial government in New Zealand ceased in 1876, and the national limelight gradually shifted northwards. [16][18] The university issued just one degree before becoming an affiliate college of the federal University of New Zealand in 1874. We have over 700 members in ten regions of the country with 86 clubs meeting regularly. ANZAC Day. Inver comes from the Scots Gaelic word inbhir meaning a river's mouth and Cargill is in honour of Captain William Cargill, who was at the time the Superintendent of Otago, of which Southland was then a part. The 1858 census shows that no more than 55% of the 1,712 Dunedinites listed in the census gave Scotland as their place of birth. In this climate of unease, emigration seemed a viable solution. In so doing, the Games gave Scots a path to cultural integration as Scottish New Zealanders. Whisky. Kiwis cheers with "chur bro" and say "yeah nah" when they mean both yes and no at the same time. There are Scottish placenames all over New Zealand, but they tend to be concentrated in the southern part of South Island. Christmas. Hall full of fun. [21] To qualify, they either have to have at least one Scottish parent or grandparent. | Proudly powered by WordPress. Turakina in Wanganui was originally settled by Gaelic speakers, but there is not much trace other than annual Highland games.[11]. In 1851 he led his people, who were facing economic hardship in Canada, first to Australia and then on to New Zealand. Backed by influential politician Robert Stout, himself a native of Shetland, and Otago Superintendent James Macandrew, Shetland Islanders seemed well suited, ‘inured to the hardships of a rigorous climate’, and inherited ‘maritime instincts’ that would secure them a good living in the far south. During this period, Dunedin (Gaelic for Edinburgh) was organised under the aegis of the New Zealand Company and its offshoot the Otago Association, as a Free Church Settlement in 1848. Ships like the Blenheim , sent by the New Zealand Company to Wellington in 1841, brought Scots directly from the Clyde. In addition, many New Zealanders come from mixed origins, with Scottish New Zealanders co-identifying as Māori or another ethnic group. More than eighty-five thousand emigrants were granted free passages under the scheme, but only 16% went to New Zealand. And all that because I was soon to head off to New Zealand to commence my PhD at Victoria University in Wellington, investigating the Scots in New Zealand. Over the next 200 years, they were followed by thousands more, setting out for a new homeland on the other side of the world. Clan Flags. In terms of Scottish migration to New Zealand, five distinct immigration phases can be identified. The first Scots to set foot in New Zealand were crew on explorer James Cook’s ship Endeavour in 1769. Importantly, it was as part of Vogel’s policies that a larger contingent of Highlanders arrived in the country. Our NZ gift hampers include sweet, savoury and indulgent food and drink treats locally sourced from Scotland , (no haggis - sorry) all delivered on a date of your choice to your Kiwi friends and family. [17], See also – Category:New Zealand people of Scottish descent. The arrival of one group of Scots in the 1850s is among the most dramatic of New Zealand’s immigration stories. We are the sole distributors of the Pride of New Zealand tartan. The formation of the Society began in 1902 as a result of the work of Messers D. McKenzie and J. Fraser. (1994), Category:New Zealand people of Scottish descent, Sir John Ross Marshall (New Zealand politician), "QuickStats About Culture and Identity: Birthplace and people born overseas", Birthplaces of New Zealand’s population 1858–2006, "Special Report on the 2013 Census of New Zealand's Population and Dwellings", "Story: Scots Page 12 – Facts and figures", Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand: Britons, "BBC's new year off on wrong foot for Hogmanay stalwart", Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand: Wanganui places, East of Wanganui, "Scotland - Players & Officials - Andrew Lindsay", Stories of homecoming: The incredible journey, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Scottish_New_Zealanders&oldid=996805817, "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, throughout New Zealand, but especially in, Bueltmann, Tanja. 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