Sub-options within this style deal with surface and thickness. Rough-cut lumber is just what the name implies: it's fuzzy with exposed fibers with an inconsistent surface. Rough sawn lumber is slightly larger than finished lumber. The photos above are good color and grain examples of our five wood grades. x 6 in. Rough lumber thicknesses are measured in 1/4-in. When I resided my house I used preprimed redwood fascia boards that I hoarded up for years after the local yard shut down. Indoors, furniture made from Mosaic Eco-Wood boards can be expected to last decades. Construction Heart: 1×4 – 1×12 (8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 20′ lengths) High-quality finish grade of the same general quality as Heart Clear. Personally, I like the wood to be as rough as possible. For example, our Eight-Foot Picnic Table with attached benches weighs 250 pounds. Same painting as usual. Always do a test area to be sure of the colour and final finish before starting any project. Available surfaced or saw-textured. rough stock. The grades help determine the best use for redwood based on its durability and appearance. Mill glaze is a hard, burnished surface sometimes left by milling machines on the smooth face of siding, especially cedar and redwood. The reason why one side is rough is basically for housing trims, other exterior applications and paint sticks much better. In most cases, it will last longer. Plus, you can save yourself a ton of money converting roughhewn lumber to finished product; maybe enough to justify buying that planer you’ve always wanted. It's your choice whether to use rough-sawn or smooth lumber. Click here to see how to keep your furniture looking new and lasting even longer. This is usually the first stage of preparing wood for further, more accurate work. Boards are a nice clear B grade and S4S where both sides and edges are planed smooth. Redwood "Clear" grade is the same quality as "Clear All Heart" - the finest architectural heartwood grade - except that it contains sapwood in varying amounts and is allowed slight visual imperfections (which we consider character) on both faces. Rough Sawn, RS, means that the timber will be rough on all four sides and measure to the full measurement of the timber. Secondly, Redwood can be found with a larger grade variety and its grain tends to be more on the subtle side compared to the more rustic and pronounced grain of clear WRC. Saw-textured One or more faces can be resawn for a rough texture effect. Smooth Sawn, S4S (smooth on four sides), is a timber that has been milled on four sides to provide a smooth surface for the end consumer. increments. Forever Redwood’s Old-Growth comes from logs left on the ground when the forest was first logged between 1880 and 1970. Plus, you can save yourself a ton of money converting roughhewn lumber to finished product; maybe enough to justify buying that planer you’ve always wanted. 1×2 8 – 16′ 1×4 8 – 20′ 1×6 8 – 20′ 1×8 8 – 20′ 1×12 8 – 16′ 2×4 8 – 20′ 2×6 8 – 20′ 2×8 8 – 20′ 2×12 8 – 16′ All boards are air and/or kiln-dried to a 12% moisture content for the best long-term finish and stability. Unfortunately, because of over-logging, very little of this precious wood is available anywhere anymore. Redwood heartwood garden grades may be used on or near the soil in construction projects where knots or other characteristics are less important. Custom detail or design? S2S – The board has been run through a planer producing two flat faces, but the edges are left rough. Quality heartwood grade containing limited knots and other characteristics not permitted in Heart Clear. Restoration forestry severely limits timber harvesting so the forest will mature to old-growth again. thick. Appearance is particularly important in the case of redwood because it has so many variations in color and the presence of knots. If you want your material in a more rough state, you’ll need to check out your local hardwood dealer. Restoration forestry is a gentle approach that truly protects and restores forestland in stark contrast to the standards of industrial forestry. Use vertical grain lumber on the most exposed surfaces. With a bit of careful handling, you can get a lustrous finish on this wood. Grades of redwood lumber are determined using criteria outlined by the Redwood Inspection Service (RIS). from 1-in. Grades of redwood lumber are determined using criteria outlined by the Redwood Inspection Service (RIS). This option really highlights the wood grain and colour. The smooth side was so-so, like it was not meant to be the show side, so I put it up rough … Available surfaced or saw-textured. Redwood is the most decay resistant wood that grows naturally in N. America. The thick timber significantly increases the feel, appearance, sturdiness and durability of the furniture. We stock a wide variety of Redwood garden and architectural grades. When I was a young-un in Colorado all the treated lumber was perforated like that. Yes it's 100% reclaimed lumber. Left out in the harsh year-round sun, rain and snow without maintenance, our Mature Redwood is guaranteed not to decay in any climate for 20 years. What is the difference between Rough Sawn (RS) vs Smooth Sawn (S4S) Beams? Available in 8′ to 20′ lengths. Same general characteristics as Construction Heart, but contains a combination of heartwood and sapwood. They are the preferred grades for siding, paneling, trim and cabinetry where beauty and tight joinery are desired. Understanding the durability of the wood is important because it helps determine the best use for the lumber (e.g. If you are in a dry climate (under 15 inches of rain per year) or are considering an indoor or covered patio application, Douglas-fir is our recommended wood grade since the limited moisture will insure it will last much longer than the 10 year guarantee. Although Mosaic Eco-Wood is labor intensive, we are thrilled to finally stop sending these small beautiful pieces of wood to the local landfill. redwood lumber, boards and patterns are sold with a smooth-planed surface, emphasizing the wood’s beauty of grain and color. Finest architectural heartwood grade currently available, normally kiln dried (also available unseasoned), well manufactured, and free of defects on one face (reverse face may have slight imperfections). Clearness (freedom from knots) is the determinant for the highest grades. Equipped with same natural substance, it makes the cedar vs redwood … J&W Lumber stocks: Rough Construction Common, Rough Merchantable grade, Surfaced Construction Common, Surfaced Selected Con Common and Surfaced B-Grade. Although a few other tree species also have excellent resistance to weather, the reputation of wood to resist decay was established in decades past when old-growth (over 200 year-old trees) was plentiful. Con-Common, Con-Heart, Redwood – Rough, Surfaced and Resawn Redwood. The all-heartwood Old-Growth is extremely resistant to decay/insects and remains perfect after lying outdoors for up to 130 years! We sand all our items to 220 grit and round all the edges of the boards. Smooth Sawn, S4S (smooth on four sides), is a timber that has been milled on four sides to provide a smooth surface for the end consumer. It imparts a rustic ambiance that you just can't get using milled lumber. 5. Other grades are categorized by number, size, and nature of knots and the presence of other characteristics such as stains or manufacturing defects that may occur. Also fine decks, hot tubs surrounds, furniture, garden structures, industrial storage and processing tanks. The Mosaic Eco-Wood boards purposefully have an occasional tiny knot included to add interesting and contrasting grain patterns to the furniture. Based on your desired appearance, you can decide whether to use rough cut lumber or take advantage of our custom surfacing capabilities for a smooth, clean finish. Left out in the harsh year-round sun, rain and snow without maintenance, Douglas-fir is guaranteed not to decay in any climate for 10 years. Rough-cut lumber is just what the name implies: it's fuzzy with exposed fibers with an inconsistent surface. For example, an identical item made from Old-Growth Redwood will cost over 60% more than if made using Douglas-fir. Due to its hardness, you will find that you have to sharpen your tools frequently while working on hickory. What about initial costs? Get Pricing Info (408) 995-0791 "Serving Bay Area Builders for Over 25 Years" 99 Pullman Way San Jose, CA 95111. ... We combine the rustic flavor with fine sanding (220 grit) for a smooth-to-the-touch finish. All sizes and lengths. Vertical grain is the most expensive lumber on the market because it is stronger, more dimensionally stable, and insures no splintering in future years/decades. Rough bark is also better able to protect from fires than smooth bark. Because of over-logging, almost all wood available today is from young trees. All redwood siding patterns are available with smooth-surfaced or resawn faces. It easily outlasts plantation-grown Teak. Create an account to get started today. Thin and light wood furniture just can't survive decades out in the weather. Cedar Shakes and Shingles. Plan to lose 3/16-in. Redwood is an excellent choice for most outdoor applications and is our most popular grade. We believe Sikkens is the best sealant for outdoor wood products based on our 20 years of experience. Redwood or pine may also be grains used with these styles. rough stock. Typically available kiln dried (also available unseasoned). In almost all cases, it can be expected to last much longer. To keep the rustic flavor, interesting grain patterns and some small sound knots are included in each piece to add contrast and highlights. For example, tabletops, armrests, bench seats and other furniture sections that come into regular human contact are made with vertical grain boards. Forever Redwood’s conservative forest management practices works with the forest to naturally bring back the giant old trees overtime. By milling in my own shop I am certain I’ll end up with perfectly-flat boards and in many cases they’ll be thicker than 3/4″. Sapwood is the wood that grew in the last 20 years or so of a tree’s life prior to being harvested (outer perimeter of a tree trunk). The redwood has more durability that is stronger about 23% than the cedar wood. Redwood VS Cedar facts. In most cases, you can expect it to last longer. Essentially, you’ll use these to soften anything that’s too rough for your hands to handle. Rough bark is best suited to withstand harsh changes in weather from one season to the next such as the freeze-thaw cycle from winter to spring. Also, they can remove almost anything so don’t hesitate to jump up to the next grit. The heartwood of the Redwood grade is similar in color to the light reddish brown of the Mature Redwood (the only variation is the natural slight differences in wood color that occur from tree to tree). All of our pergola kits and cedar planter box kits are built using quality, durable wood that is … Forever Redwood offers 5 types of Redwood Wood Grades. This is because of the shrinkage associated with planing and drying; it is cut rough and large to leave room to plane the lumber to smooth it and to allow it to shrink as it dries. We can deliver and assemble anywhere in the Continental US. 1 Face Smooth V-Joint 1 x 6 - Nickel Gap Tongue & Groove - 1 Face Rough. Sand to a smooth to the touch finish with all the leading edges rounded. Boards are available from 1/2″ to 5/4” thick with widths from 2” to 12”. Typically available kiln dried (also available unseasoned). Boards are a nice clear B grade and S4S where both sides and edges are planed smooth. We stock a wide variety of Redwood garden and architectural grades. Sapwood is vanilla/tan color and makes up varying percentages of each Redwood grade board (on average under 30%). A proper finish keeps rough wood supple, prevents it from fading, cracking and enhances its natural beauty. Use dry lumber only. Redwood. Excellence of appearance is a major factor in the grading of redwood. Rough lumber thicknesses are measured in 1/4-in. Based on your desired appearance, you can decide whether to use rough cut lumber or take advantage of our custom surfacing capabilities for a smooth, clean finish. First off, despite having “red” in both names, Redwood has the darker red-brown hue while WRC is more on the yellow side. Our Redwood grade is an attractive high-quality wood from trees averaging 50 to 80 years of age. ... Machined smooth timber weather boards look stunning. The grades help determine the best use for redwood based on its durability and appearance. Uses of Deck Heart include decks, fences, posts, retaining walls, garden structures, stairs or other outdoor applications on or near soil. Our full-dimension 2 by 6 is 2” thick and 6” wide with 52% more wood. VIEW MAP. Quality grade containing sapwood, limited knots and other characteristics not permitted in Clear. Rough Sawn, RS, means that the timber will be rough on all four sides and measure to the full measurement of the timber. The secret is in the wood. And rough-sawn is the only way to go if you need really thick boards. Rough sawn timber is when the sides and edges are not smooth, if you run your hands across the timber you will feel a coarse texture and most likely get splinters. The lumber is passed along a saw blade to achieve the desired effect. It is less costly and some people prefer working with it because it gives them greater control over the finished product. The contrast of colors and grains is eye-catching, but best of all—the wood is 100% recycled material. It is left literally rough and needs to be dried, planed, and otherwise finished. This grade can be surfaced or saw-textured. Below are images showing the different types of wood grades with the most popular sealant option (the recommended Transparent Premium Sealant). Planed all round , however, means that all the wood surfaces have been planed this means that the timber has been brought to a uniform level which is smooth and ready to be worked on or presented. Redwood is graded for durability and resistance against insects and decay – factors easily distinguished by redwood’s color. #3 and better two face grade - rough and smooth side will be virtually wane free; Naturally resistant to rot and decay; Actual size: dimensions at time of manufacture. To add a bit more protection for most outdoor applications we recommend our premium sealant options (see Finish Options & Furniture Care). It is now perfectly square and smooth on all four sides, thus the name “S4S” or “surfaced four sides.” (From The Wood Whisperer) As far as dimensioned lumber is concerned, this is the final product, which will be shipped to your nearest Home Depot. One of our experts can help you design the perfect solution. The principal difference between the two grades is that Clear contains sapwood. Uses of Heart B redwood include siding, paneling, trim, fascia, molding and other architectural uses. Redwood sapwood architectural grades are unrivaled in beauty and dimensional stability. They may develop a light crack after a few years out in the weather, but never a splinter. The calculations with softwoods and planed hardwoods are even worse, as softwoods are seldom sold rough, but are sold as planed lumber. But smooth bark also has significant advantages, … The secret to avoiding splinters is always to follow these 5 steps: New to Forever Redwood? 1 in x 12 in x 10 ft. Grade #3 & Better Two-Face. This is because of the shrinkage associated with planing and drying; it is cut rough and large to leave room to plane the lumber to smooth it and to allow it to shrink as it dries. Plan to lose 3/16-in. For our pergola kits we always use either western red rough sawn tight knot cedar or pressure treated #1 southern yellow pine lumber. To add protection for wetter or harsher climates, we recommend our premium sealant options (see Finish Options & Furniture Care to see how to keep your furniture looking new and lasting even longer). Uses include deck boards, rails, balusters, and other above-ground garden uses that do not require the insect and decay resistance of Deck Heart. Both rough-sawn and surfaced/smooth textures are available to match the rest of your siding or to introduce contrast. Hello Daniel, Thank you for your recent inquiry about the Mendocino Forest Products 6 in. Click here to see how to keep your furniture looking new and lasting even longer. Any redwood beam you order from us can be obtained mill-rough, surfaced smooth or finely re-sawn on all four sides. Construction Heart has a similar appearance and uses as Deck Heart, but is not graded for strength. Smooth Sawn, S4S (smooth on four sides), is a timber that has been milled on four sides to provide a smooth surface for the end consumer. Each board is a mosaic of small reclaimed pieces of all 4 Redwood and Douglas-fir grades. Most boards have tight grain because the trees grew slowly in a competitive environment—more than 10 annual growth rings/inch (sometimes up to 30 rings/inch). The edges and sides are not smooth. Same painting as usual. Vertical Grain Flat Grain Textures Surfaced Unless otherwise specified, redwood lumber, boards and patterns are sold with a smooth-planed surface, emphasizing the wood’s beauty of grain and color. Cedar Shakes and Shingles. The B grade is reasonably clear, but allows for an occasional small tight knot and small imperfection. Wood Samples: If you’d like to experience the quality of our wood before placing a furniture order—or if you’d like to see first-hand the difference between our five grades of wood—we offer a set of wood samples. Product dimensions will vary depending on moisture content. We offer Redwood in Rough or Surfaced finish, and both Green and Air Seasoned on most items. Either choice ensures you will have a quality wood pergola. For our pergola kits we always use either western red rough sawn tight knot cedar or pressure treated #1 southern yellow pine lumber. Rough lumber takes more paint or stain, and holds a finish better than surfaced (smooth) lumber. Commonly used in siding, trim, paneling, horizontal fencing, and furniture, you’ll find a vast selection of 1x and 2x, both rough and smooth, stocked at our yard. If you plan to stain or paint your deck in a color that is not similar to either of these in their natural state, then you may prefer cedar because it does tend to be lighter in color. Forever Redwood offers warranties of 10 to 30 years against decay (depending on the wood grade). Uses of B Grade redwood include siding, paneling, trim, fascia, molding and other architectural uses; quality decking, garden structures and other above-ground applications. ROUGH SAWN TIMBER: When wood is cut to a basic size on a circular saw, it is called 'rough sawn'. Is it cheaper to buy wood at a lumber yard? There is a  surcharge for knot-free orders that varies according to the item. In my own opinion it looks like the smooth sometimes doesn't look treated all the way through but it may be because I haven't seen the perforated for several years. Although not recommended, if you prefer 100% knot-free furniture in any wood grade, just let us know. And it is the very stable dimensionally (rarely warps, sags or twists). Each board is hand selected for optimal results. Stocked items: … Because rough sawn fence panels absorb more wood finishing product than smooth planed wood, any colour pigment in the product is likely to look stronger or darker than it would on a smooth piece of timber. Freedom from knots, or clearness, is the determinant for the highest grades. Our Forever Redwood Furniture is built to last for decades without maintenance. ground-contact vs. above-ground). Deck Common is also graded for strength and is available in 2×4 and 2×6 only. Click here to see how to keep your furniture looking new and lasting even longer. The purchase price will be refunded on your first furniture order. Unseasoned or seasoned, may be surfaced or rough. If you're into woodworking even a little bit, you should consider buying rough-sawn lumber for your next project. The thinnest rough-cut boards, labeled 4/4, and called four quarter, are 1-in. Rough sawn lumber is slightly larger than finished lumber. By doing this, the forest trees on average get larger with each passing decade. Some of these trees were alive over 1,500 years ago. 1 x 6 - 1 Face Rough. Available in 8′ to 20′ lengths. But smooth bark also has significant advantages, particularly in regards to warding off attack of insect pests. For example, a 2x4x8' is really 1.5" x 3.5" x 8.00'. For $21 we’ll expedite your samples anywhere in the U.S. or Canada (includes HI and AK). Redwood Grades. Nominal Dimensions. It’s tough to get surfaced stock thicker than 13/16-in. 2×2 – 2×12 (8, 10, 12, 16, 20′ lengths) 4x4x8, 4x4x10. These grades may be offered seasoned or unseasoned. Redwood is recognized for its fire resistance; in fact, redwood-clad structures are credited with limiting the extent of the great fires following the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. It is lower priced because it will not last as long as Redwood outdoors. Mill glaze has been blamed over the years for numerous paint failures. Sizes Available: Construction Common: 1x4x8, 1x6x8, 1x8x8, 1x12x8. If you desire a dry product, where shrinkage is not an option, our dry redwood products are for you. Most boards have open grain (less than eight growth rings per inch). We stock redwood decking, siding, fence boards, and redwood for all your backyard projects. For construction above ground where there is little danger of damage from insects or decay, choose one of the sapwood grades – Clear, B Grade, Deck Common, Construction Common or Merchantable. S3S – The board has been surfaced S2S first, then one edge is ripped straight (also known as SLR1E or straight line ripped one edge). Forever Redwood furniture is unique because we mill our own wood to full inch dimensions. Don’t want to assemble? ground-contact vs. above-ground). Forever Redwood products will never splinter. Plus, an 8x8x8 timber would be a nominal size of 7 ½ inches by 7 ½ inches compared to the Rough Sawn. 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