Read more about the causes of muscle twitches and spasms now. All rights reserved. Spasms can also occur when a muscle is overused, injured, tired, or strained. Muscle spasms can occur at any time to anyone. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Medical conditions. 2. Sportsperson too are at increased risk of muscle strain, which can cause muscle spasm. Drinking plenty of water and stretching the muscles before any exercise or repetitive movements can help prevent muscle spasms. It also offers tips to help a person increase their…, Here, learn how counting calories and considering portion sizes can help a person reach weight and fitness goals. In effect, any condition that disrupts the brain’s neurotransmitter processes can affect muscle functioning. They are usually not a cause for concern. They are spawned by an involuntary contraction of a muscle that will not relax. The most common sites for muscle spasms are the thighs, calves, foot arches, hands, arms, abdomen and sometimes along the ribcage. When occurring in the calves, especially, such cramps are known as “charley horses.”. This effect most commonly happens in the legs, and it can be quite painful. Otherwise known as muscle cramps, spasms occur when a muscle involuntary and forcibly contracts and cannot relax. Typically, they involve part or all of a muscle, or several muscles in a group. Although mild cases have mild to no symptoms, more severe cases can cause muscle spasms, cramps, seizures, numbness, confusion, and cardiac arrest. can cause muscle spasm, of the surrounding muscles. What is the average daily number of steps, and how can I increase them? Having a tumor be the cause of facial spasms is a rare occurrence, but it does happen at times. Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 07/08/2014. Muscle spasms can occur in anyone at any time, however, there are some common causes of muscle spasms including: 1. They’re common in your legs. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. If cramping affects the quadriceps — the muscles at the front of the thigh — the person can try holding the foot of the affected leg behind them and gently pulling it up toward their buttocks, keeping the knees together. Muscle spasms, twitches, and cramps are not usually a cause for concern. Twitches and spasms can be warning signs that this common condition is affecting the nerves that control your muscles. Furthermore, alcohol causes dehydration, which may make a person prone to muscle spasms 1 2. Muscle cramps also are common during pregnancy. The compression of nerves after they leave the spinal cord can cause leg spasms. In cases where an underlying neurological condition is causing the muscle spasms, doctors may recommend an antispasmodic medicine. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. Every muscle in the body can be affected by spasm. Muscle spasms generally occur due to the overuse of the muscles, or they are associated with muscle tear and strain. They are perfectly normal, particularly in athletes and other people who exercise regularly. Stretching the limbs before bed can help prevent this from occurring. There are multiple causes of this disorder. Spasms can be caused by various medical conditions and abnormal activity of the muscle or nerve. Muscle spasms or muscle twitching occurs when a muscle forcibly undergoes contraction and is unable to relax. Sometimes, muscle spasms can be a sign of an underlying health condition. This is because when the injury occurs, it causes a compression of the facial nerve. Click on the combination that matches your symptoms to find the conditions that may cause these problems. If your muscle spasms are accompanied by nausea, fever, and vomiting, there’s a chance that something else is going on. Some individuals are prone to muscle spasms and get them regularly with any physical exertion. Neck and back muscles commonly get strained in an injury to the back or the spine. Trapped nerves can result in spasms in the back. The muscle may feel hard to the touch. Muscle spasms are primarily caused by dehydration, but there are other, more innocuous factors at play as well. The most common cause of muscle spasms is muscle fatigue, or overuse of a particular muscle, according to MedlinePlus. Muscle cramps or spasms (painful) WebMD Symptom Checker helps you find the most common symptom combinations and medical conditions related to muscle cramps or spasms (painful). Systemic illnesses like diabetes, anemia (low red blood cell count), kidney disease, and thyroid and other hormone issues are also potential causes of muscle spasms. Sometimes a muscle spasm can feel like the muscle is hard, bulging, twitching or tight. Muscle spasms range in intensity from mild twitches to severe pain. Athletes who become fatigued and dehydrated while participating in warm-weather sports frequently develop muscle cramps. Muscle weakness and even complete body paralyses may ensue later on. This is a big problem -- because magnesium is a necessary nutrient vital for health. Low Potassium Dreamstime. Policy. Charley horse, for example, is a term that people often use to describe spasms in runners’ calf muscles. Muscles have a certain amount of tone, or activity. It might take a few seconds or even several minutes for them to stop, but they do not often need treatment. Stronger spasms can not only affect your muscles, but they can affect other parts of your body. the dreaded Charley horse). Cleveland Clinic offers expert diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation for bone, joint or connective tissue disorders and rheumatic and immunologic diseases. Athletes who either do not warm up before they exercise or exercise in very hot conditions may also experience muscle spasms. Some people might even be able to see the muscle twitching. These might include: Muscle spasms usually resolve on their own. Muscle pain, fatigue, and overuse are the most common causes of muscle spasms. 4. Anxiety, stress and poor sleep can contribute to a number of bodily issues, including muscular spasms. It can also occur in hollow organs such as the heart. Cleveland Clinic Community Care puts patients first by offering comprehensive, coordinated, personalized healthcare. Muscle strain or injury A spasm in the back can occur as the result of any type of strain or injury to the soft tissues of the back, including the muscles, ligaments, and tendons. The American Osteopathic Association recommend: If the pain is in the calf muscle, the person can try putting their weight on the affected leg and bending their knee slightly. Muscle fatigue. Muscle spasms are most commonly muscle cramps that are associated with pain. Age. Sometimes, it can feel as though the whole muscle has cramped up and cannot move. These are very common and can affect any muscle. Older people lose muscle mass, so the remaining muscle can get overstressed more easily. Some people experience muscle cramps in the legs during the night. CORONAVIRUS: DELAYS FOR ROUTINE SURGERIES, VISITOR RESTRICTIONS + COVID-19 TESTING. Insufficient stretching before physical activity. Diseases of the nervous system, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis , multiple sclerosis , or spinal cord injury , can be associated with muscle spasm. These cramps can happen anywhere in your body. It can feel as though the muscle is jumping or moving on its own, with this feeling typically lasting just a few seconds. The phrenic nerve controls the movement of the diaphragm muscle. Back muscle spasms can be caused due to sudden movement of the back, sitting for too long in the same posture, inflammation of nerves, inflammation of muscles, arthritis, herniated disc, depression and stress. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional. That may cause these problems tends to pass within several minutes or longer, it... By what causes muscle spasms people often use to describe spasms in runners ’ calf muscles (.... Overuse are the most concern is the overexertion of the diaphragm muscle: spasms. That matches your symptoms to find the conditions that may cause these.. 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