They one by one became victims of British expansionism 4… Sixthly, Vivekananda reminded the Hindus to develop an attitude tolerance towards each other. It is my purpose to discover why this was. It was not planned and organized. This displayed a new, never seen before unity among the people against the British rule, outcomes. 1. Why was the Revolt a failure? The number of the Indian sepoys in that year was 2, 33,000. There was a clear lack of unity among the rebels and there was no common purpose among them during the revolt of 1857. A group of historians and writers has asserted that the Revolt was the result of a widespread and well-organized conspiracy. Brave sepoys were never rewarded for courage or meritorious performances in battles. His doctrine of Lapse was a calculated step to annihilate as many native rulers as possible. Rise of Indian Nationalism 4. Introduction There was diverse reasons like political, economic, military, religious and social reasons for the uprising of revolt against the tyranny of British East India company. Thus, there developed a religious grievance against the British rule. Socio-Religious Causes of 1857 Revolt From the battle of Palessay in 1757, to the revolt 1857, it was a full century. Fourthly, Vivekananda preached spirituality in the light of modern enlightenment. At last, Dalhousie wanted to finish them, too. The Belur Math near Calcutta became the center of the Ramakrishna Mission. ….Stanley Wolpert . The Western culture spread in many ways. In the right time, they came forward to create discontent in the minds of their countrymen. British expansionist policies, most of Raja’s, Nawab’s and zamindar’s, were either dispossessed or became subsidiary to the British 2. Majumdar considers it as neither the first, nor national, nor a war of independence. As per some British historians, it was just a peasant sepoy mutiny. To the religious Hindu, crossing the sea meant loss of caste.The sepoys, therefore, refused to comply. Nana Saheb, his nephew Rao Saheb, Nana’s support.Tatya Tope, Rani of Jhansi Lakshmi Bai, the Rajput leader Kunwar Singh, the Mughal Emperor’s follower Feroz Shah, and Oudh Nawab’s disciple Ahamadullah, and several others began to prepare for a struggle. The Revolt of 1857, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, are the different names for India’s … What were the main causes of Revolt of 1857? Also Read: Causes of the Revolt of 1857. CAUSES OF REVOLT Economic Causes. It was far more than a mutiny…. Jallianwala Baug Massacre REVOLT OF 1857 Causes of the revolt of 1857 These are broadly categorized into four parts: Political causes: LORD DALHOUSIE: A. Doctrine of lapse. “Our religion is in the Kitchen. All these factors create feelings of discontent among India. Causes Of Revolt Of 1857 1396 Words | 6 Pages. Content Guidelines social causes of revolt of 1857 » There was fear among peoples that Christian missionaries will convert them into Christian. 4. The immediate cause of the Indian Revolt of 1857, or Sepoy Mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the British East India Company's troops.The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. It is said that some of the English army officers publicly preached Christianity among their subordinate sepoys. They were ordered not to do so. wars, that the British were the chosen race to rule the world and bring about the western civilizations to the back. The enemies of the English spread rumors that in order to destroy religion of the Hindus the British mixed the powder of the animal bones in the salt. The sepoys saw a deep conspiracy to destroy their religious faiths. They established schools at many places. Finally, Vivekananda drew the attention of Indian people towards the values of Western ways of life. They forced the sepoys to use the cartridge. Dalhousie’s policy of annexation threatened many princely states and they were the first ones to pick up arms against British. The immediate cause of the Revolt of 1857 was the incident of the greased cartridge. Political, social, economic, military and other factors contributed to the making of the Revolt of 1857. Secondly, through a spiritual awakening he wanted to raise the individual from the abyss of degeneration. He wanted to make the Hindu modern. Causes of the Revolt of 1857. This essay will analyse all these causes in a more detailed way (From lectures, What Are The Four Major Developmental Theories, Literature Review: Layout And Ambiance Of A Department Store, What Are The Four Major Theories Of Development. Many higher caste sepoys, therefore did not want to go only sea voyages or outside their country. Non Co-operation Movement The sepoys also came to believe that in no way was an English soldier superior to an Indian sepoy in fighting qualities. While mutinies and revolts were not uncommon in India at this time, they were usually largely uncoordinated. Further more, he preached in favour of cosmopolitanism and Catholicism. The periods of government of Lord Bentinck and Lord Dalhousie had also contributed to the mutiny as their reforms were aimed to change the social, economic and political lives of the Indian people. It was started by the sepoy of the company which arouses the gathered grievances of the people against the Company administration and of their dislike for the foreign administration. On 9th May 1857, on the parade ground of Meerut, 85 Indian troopers were court martialled. Many changes began to appear thereby. Dalhousie’s policy of annexation came as a shock to the princely order of India. In the end, we may presume that the revolt of 1857 was the result of a culmination of popular dissatisfaction that had been simmering for a long time against the policies of the British in India – expansion, exploitation and economic drain and humiliation of the Indian spirit by advocating the white- man’s civilizing mission – factors of multiple dimension of direct and indirect, long run and short run … This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. He did not proceed, but his intention was known. It was a product of character and policies of the British in India. To the common man, the principles of the Bhagvat Gita or any such great work remained ever unknown. By bringing other charges also he wanted to destroy several other rulers. Religious and Social Causes – Racism or racial discrimination used to be believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 whereby Indians had been exploited and had been kept away from mixing with Europeans. Also, the import of British Machine to India, the exclusion of Indian sepoys at higher ranks in the military, etc. In a number of European countries, he propounded the greatness of Hindu civilization. A) Heavy taxation B) But down on major patronage for artisans and handicrafts C) increasing availability of market for Indian cotton. To quote him again: “Nor was it only by the innovations of moral progress that the hierarchies of India were alarmed and offended. The revolt of 1857 witnessed in large parts of North and Central India was an armed rebellion triggered due to number of political and economic policies of British. Higher philosophies were the monopoly of the learned. Causes Of Revolt Of 1857 1396 Words | 6 Pages. Indians as a nation suffered from inferiority complex. Causes of Revolt of 1857 3. D) increased pressure on agricultural land View Answer / Hide Answer Thus he advocated the value of a wider understanding of different religions. But the Government made it compulsory for all to go to any place outside India, when necessary. causes of revolt of 1857 1. It was the introduction of the Enfield rifle with the Greased Cartridges. The feelings of the unrest that was growing among the Indians finally got manifested in the form of revolt of 1857. The East India Company had the unusual distinction of ruling an entire country, The Natchez District where a tribe of Indians were housed as slaves was the first Mississippi region where plantations were established. It drew its strength from several elements of discontent against British rule. As a result, the Indian … Secondly, the sepoys were sent to fight in distant places such as Burma. John William Kaye, the historian of the Sepoy War, regarded Dalhousie’s encouragement of female education as one of the causes of the Mutiny. Title: THE REVOLT OF 1857 1 THE REVOLT OF 1857 2 THE GREAT REVOLT THE FIRST WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 3 (No Transcript) 4 Mangal Pandey 5 THE OUT BURST. His aggressive attitude towards the old and famous royal houses led to serious political discontent among the princes and the people alike. REVOLT OF 1857 & THE INDIAN COUNCILS ACT, 1861 SHREYA MENON BA0130056 TAMIL NADU NATIONAL LAW SCHOOL TIRUCHIRAPPALLI SUBMITED TO PROF. ANSHUMAN SINGH The Revolt of 1857, commonly called as the Sepoy Revolt, was the culmination of the manifold grievances that Indians had against the East India Company’s rule. One of the well-known incidents of the Mutiny was in the town of Cawnpore where, The main cause of the rebellion is considered to be the East India Company’s exploitative and oppressive policies towards the Indian native soldiers – Sepoy. All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. Vivekananda tried to remove that feeling. It was the first organized revolt against British rule in India. The English educated young people came under modern influences and began to criticize the superstitions in their own society. When the British army could not show meritorious performance in the Crimean War, the Indian sepoys lost regard for them as good fighters. Man had divinity in him. The poor peasants also did not gain any economic benefit from the British rule. The commercial policy of the British was directed towards maximum profit. It is believed by many historians that Lord Dalhousie laid the foundations of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. To loads that cartridge in the gun, the soldier was required to use his teeth to tear of one end of the cartridge. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. James Lancaster was one of the few to return from the voyage. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. Many states were annexed under this Doctrine. The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and were kept away from mixing with Europeans. In those days the higher caste Hindus believed that to cross the sea was to lose religion. Privacy Policy This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. However, in sum total the ‘organizational’ factor was the principal cause of the deep British-Indian divide which led to the events which erupted like a volcano in 1857. They regarded the British Government as the enemies of the Indian people. Therefore, some of the royal houses, both Hindu and Muslim, got involved in anti-British activities. The mysterious bread and the lotus moved from hand to hand as the symbol of revolution, carrying with them a call to rise. Dr. R.C. Under this spurious doctrine, he annexed Satara, Sambalpur, Jhansi and Nagpur etc. The Revolt of 1857 further widened the difference between the ruler and the ruled. They paid for some allowances while going to distant places to fight, but their prayers was never granted. In loading the rifle the sepoy before inserting the cartridge had to bite off its top. In that year there were a series of uprising which were known by British historians as ‘the Indian mutiny’ and by Indian historians as ‘The War of Independence’ these different names for the same event show how history can be a matter of interpretation. That led to much discontent. The British authorities could feel the sentiment of the sepoys, but did not care for it. The traders were also paid less. By denying that truth, the British added fuel to the fire. Sixthly, from some unknown source, there spread belief among the Indian sepoys that the British rule was coming in close. At once, a rumor spread among the sepoys that the cartridge contained the fat of cows and pigs. However, recent researches have proved that the cartridge was not the only cause for this revolt. The revolt of 1857 suffered from a weak leadership. The Revolt of 1857, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, are the different names for India’s First War of Independence against the British. A powerful and popular revolt broke out in Northern and Central India in 1857. He believed that individual consciousness should lead a national consciousness. Not a shilling was spent from the British treasury on the defense of the India. :- 03 2. Answer. This battle is termed as the “patriotic national war of independence” by the Indians, whereas the British, REVOLT OF 1857 & THE INDIAN COUNCILS ACT, 1861 4. Nature of the Revolt of 1857 ‘Sepoy Mutiny’ to some British historians—“a wholly unpatriotic and selfish Sepoy Mutiny with no native leadership and no popular support”, said Sir John Seeley. Although some Historians claim 1857 revolt as just an Sepoy mutiny, V. D. Savarkar says it as First War of Independence. The revolt of 1857, popularly known as "The First War of Independence", burst due to many reasons. “Were reject none, neither theist, nor pantheist, monist, polytheist, agnostic, nor atheist, the only condition of being a disciple in modeling a character at once the broadcast and the most intense”, he declared. The slaves shipped here came with a militant spirit after being harbored amongst the torturous vessels. BA0130056 This came as a shock for the British and as an inspiration for the Indians. But soon it became widespread and involved the masses. During the period between 1820 and 1856 East India Company acting on the behalf of the British government had been actively maintaining a number of reforms and policies in India. The inroads and encroachments of physical science were equally distasteful and disquieting. » Introduction of the cartridge which was believed to coated with pigs and cows skin which is strictly prohibited for Muslims and Hindu respectively. Thus British government passed Government of India Act 1858 on August 2, 1858, according to which the power that the company enjoyed was snatched and a direct rule was established. The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to quite a number of elements which are referred to below: 1. Simon Commission They had no self respect. For the first time, the English brought to India a new type of rifle known as the Enfield rifle. The policy of the British Government was to exploit the wealth of India. In the United States, he established the Vedanta centers. Utilitarian saw the improvement in India through the maintaining good policies. Thus, the territorial greed of the British and the reaction of the Indian princes against that aggression was the political cause of the Revolt of 1857. Thus, from the above discussion, we can say that the main causes of the Revolt of 1857 were due to various policies introduced by the British, the rapid spread of English education, imposing of heavy duties. 3. These of the adopted sons of the dead rulers who lost their thrones or pensions became the sworn enemies of British. The causes from the Muslims were that they started to think that if they would not push them out of India, their. The revolt of 1857 was a product of the character and policies of colonial rule. The Christians missionaries also became active among the sepoys. for different reasons. By that time, the secret agents of Rani Lakshmi Bai and Nana Saheb were busy among the angry sepoys to foment trouble. When the British conquered a kingdom, the ministers, courtiers, officers and soldiers of that state lost their jobs. The religious sentiments of Muslims and Hindus were greatly hurt by such stories. Thirdly, the sepoys were paid very small amounts as their pay. 1857 revolt was not only a outcome of religious interference but it was a last nail in the coffin. But beneath their imperial sway there was growing serious discontent, which the rulers could not know. SHREYA MENON Controversy of the Enfield Rifle. The mutiny of 1857 however, was different. yet much less than a first war of Independence. The time of the Lord William Bentinck saw several society reformers. Since the greased cartridge contained the animal fat, as the name suggested, the fat came from all types of animals, cows and pigs included. I shall go into the forest and sit down in the meditation with the Hindu, who is trying to see the light which enlightens the heart of the every one. The discontent arising out of political, economic, social, religious and military factors at last culminated in the most memorable bloodbath in Modern Indian History. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the Revolt. Arrival of East India Co in India To the orthodox, he condemned in strong terms. The sepoys were the defenders of the Empire. 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