In olden times, names were either a saint's name or had other strong religious belief. Innerhalb dieses Sprachzweiges gehört das Italienische zur Gruppe der italoromanischen Sprachen. Meanwhile cut sausage into pieces and savoy cabbage into strips. Over 100,000 Italian translations of English words and phrases. a type of vegetable with edible ( usually green) leaves. italica) is an edible green plant in the cabbage family (family Brassicaceae, genus Brassica) whose large flowering head, stalk and small associated leaves are eaten as a vegetable. Savoy cabbage is also known as curly cabbage. vegetables It is also known by the fun names of dinosaur kale and palm tree cabbage. Simmer 30 minutes. When it comes to flavourful Asian dishes, the secret to wine pairing is in the sauce, shares Wolf Blass Brand Ambassador Catherine C Wong. Chef Gabriel Kreuther explains how he uses alcohol—especially wine—in the cooking at his eponymous two MICHELIN star restaurant in New York City. Cover and bake at 350° for 50-60 minutes or until cabbage is tender and a thermometer reads 165°. Wash savoy cabbage and pluck the leaves. Mondare la verza, sfogliarla e lavarla. It is delicious thinly sliced in salads, quickly stir-fried, or braised in butter. Noun. In 1840 there were 4 Cabbage families living in Indiana. To be more specific, it's a lovely magenta. As traditions have it, Italian babies are named based on the names of their grandparents, choosing names from the father's side family first and then from the mother's side. Italian baby names are among the most romantic and melodious in the world. While you don't want bruised or beaten up vegetables, you can peel off and discard the outer leaves, so they need not be pristine. The word broccoli comes from the Italian plural of broccolo, which means "the flowering crest of a cabbage", and is the diminutive form of brocco, meaning "small nail" or "sprout". Italian Stuffed Cabbage [Mondeghini al sugo] Adapted from Rachel Eats, who adapted it from from Giorgio Locatelli’s recipe in Made in Italy and Jane Grigson’s Vegetable Book. Jedoch gibt es in Italien auch eine Besonderheit: Die Namen Andrea oder Simone würde man bei uns zum Beispiel eher den Mädchen zuordnen, in Italien gelten sie jedoch als Jungennamen. These often overlooked, meaty cuts are full of flavour and many a chef's favourite fish and meat parts in MICHELIN-starred kitchens. Use it in salads and slaws, stir-fry it, or long-cook it to bring out its essential sweet nature. Map found via reddit, originally from Italianismo. By using The Spruce Eats, you accept our, 10 Chinese Cabbage (Bok Choy and Napa Cabbage) Recipes, Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Picks for November, What Is Chinese Cabbage and How to Cook It, Farm-To-Table Seasonal Farmer's Market Recipes. Peak Popularity: Margherita is among the top 50 names in Italy, and the variant Greta was the eighth most popular name in 2018. There are many variations but the main ingredients always include leftover bread, cannellini beans and inexpensive vegetables such as carrot, cabbage, beans, silverbeet, cavolo nero, and onion. Il servizio gratuito di Google traduce all'istante parole, frasi e pagine web tra l'italiano e più di 100 altre lingue. Trim the ends, peel off any dark green leaves from each sprout, and then you can make roasted brussels sprouts, steamed brussels sprouts, or brussels sprouts with bacon. Just sauté the veggies, then transfer to the crock pot, adding the rest of the ingredients. Green cabbage is the Toyota (or Honda!) You can also turn it into spicy kimchi. Six chefs from MICHELIN-listed restaurants across Asia recommend lust-boosting ingredients from their cuisines and their favourite dishes to set you in the mood for love. Then I decided to focus on my second passion, that is literature, so I got a bachelor degree in Italian Literature. Another cancer-fighting compound found in cabbage is sulforaphane. Prep tip: Savoy cabbage is more tender than the other cabbages and eat beautifully as a fresh, crunchy wrap or braised in butter and stock. Sprinkle with remaining Italian seasoning. The MICHELIN Guide's anonymous inspectors delve into their personal restaurant menu collections to showcase their most memorable keepsakes. Italian is the language of romance, and you can give your baby girl a beautiful Italian name that will make her sound like a princess. (Translation of cabbage from the PASSWORD English-Italian Dictionary © 2014 K Dictionaries Ltd) An award-winning food writer and cookbook author, Molly Watson has created more than 1,000 recipes focused on local, seasonal ingredients. It is delicious when sliced thinly into salads like coleslaw, braised with some bacon, apple cider vinegar and apples or fermented into sauerkraut. Italian names originated in Latin or have Latinized versions from other languages. After my degree I moved to Berlin, where I learned German for a year. Dopo 30 minuti aggiungete la verza. It looks a fair amount like Swiss chard but with pale green stalks and leaves. The Cabbage family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. insalata di cavolo cappuccio. Italian Translation of “cabbage” | The official Collins English-Italian Dictionary online. Red cabbage looks like green cabbage except, well, it's red. savoy cabbage. Italian Cabbage and Rice is just easy-peasy! Weiter im Latium finden wir an Weihnachten die Subianchini, Kekse zur Dekoration des Weihnachtsbaums, und die Zeppole : Brotpuffer, die mit warmen Honig übergossen werden. The Spruce Eats uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. This dish is a mid-winter delight, budget-minded, not terribly complicated to make, hearty and delicious — wilted cabbage leaves, a tender meatball and a simple, bright sauce. After 30 minutes add the savoy cabbage. Der Jungenname bedeutet "der Tapfere". Black Italian cabbage, better known as Tuscan or Dinosaur kale, is an Italian variety botanically known as Brassica oleracea var. Find out why the Swedish call this fruit "the gold of berries". Apple and headed cabbage salad seasoned with cumin. cabbage patch 79. red cabbage. We use cookie to elevate your user experience, perform audience measurement and enhance the quality of our service. In Italy, you never want to directly touch any of the produce. This is a perfect crock pot meal too. ! insalata di cavolo cappuccio e mela profumata al cumino. cabbage. Just sauté the veggies, then transfer to the crock pot, adding the rest of the ingredients. Other translations. Savoy cabbage is also known as curly cabbage. It looks a bit like a cross between romaine lettuce and pale Swiss chard. When you go to … verza. Italian Translation of “cabbage” | The official Collins English-Italian Dictionary online. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. Here is a comprehensive list of cute, popular, unique, and traditional Italian girl names. All rights reserved. Der Name Italien ist in der Tat ein alter Name, obwohl der italienische Staat eher jung ist und 1861 geboren wurde. Es gibt viele Hypothesen über die Herkunft des Namens Italien . 7. Da die katholische Religion in Italien eine große Rolle spielt, finden sich auch sehr viele biblische Namen in der Hitliste wieder. kale. Insalata di cavolo cappuccio con cipolla rossa, capperi, acciughe e aceto balsamico. Red Cabbage Six chefs from MICHELIN Guide-featured restaurants in Hong Kong share their pantry essentials and simple tips for cooking with them at home. Cabbage (comprising several cultivars of Brassica oleracea) is a leafy green, red (purple), or white (pale green) biennial plant grown as an annual vegetable crop for its dense-leaved heads. Stay on the top of the best restaurants, offers, lifestyle, and events recommended in our guide cities. Red cabbage heads tend to be a bit smaller than green cabbages but look for similarly tightly packed, moist-looking leaves and heads that feel heavy for their size. https://delishably.com/.../All-About-Radicchio-Its-Not-Just-Another-Red-Cabbage It's also lovely pickled, served with fish tacos (just use it instead of store-bought coleslaw). Baby bok choy can be cooked whole if you like, but all bok choy is perhaps at its best when the leaves are separated and cooked loose. Slice the cabbage finely. oleracea), and belongs to the "cole crops" or brassicas, meaning it is closely related to broccoli and cauliflower (var. Copyright © 2020 MICHELIN Guide. Italian Translation. We asked some of our inspectors to share with us the ingredients they love the most and why. The queen of slaw, green cabbage can stand up to even the heaviest, creamiest, or spiciest of dressings. Learn more. Italienisch (Italienisch lingua italiana, italiano [itaˈliaːno]) ist eine Sprache aus dem romanischen Zweig der indogermanischen Sprachen. The leaves are more loosely layered and less tightly packed than green or red cabbage, although its uses are similar. Altre traduzioni. My passion for languages started at high school, when I learned English, French and Spanish. It is descended from the wild cabbage (B. oleracea var. cabbage Bedeutung, Definition cabbage: 1. a large, round vegetable with large green, white, or purple leaves that can be eaten cooked or…. il cavolo noun. Other translations. Black cabbage is a type of Italian cabbage most commonly known as Tuscan cabbage, cavolo nero or lacinato kale. Make sure the head is nice and big! Napa cabbage is sometimes called Chinese cabbage or celery cabbage. This dish is a mid-winter delight, budget-minded, not terribly complicated to make, hearty and delicious — wilted cabbage leaves, a tender meatball and a simple, bright sauce. Un altro composto lotta contro il cancro si trovano in cavolo è sulforafano. Here's a list of cabbages that go beyond the usual green and red. Cabbage definition: A cabbage is a round vegetable with white, green, or purple leaves that is usually eaten... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Sweet, sour, pungent and piquant, Italian soups cover all the taste sensations. More Italian words for cabbage. “Googootz” is also the Italian slang for “zucchini,” and refers to a squash-like vegetable that Italians and Italian-Americans grow called cucuzza. Make sure to serve Italian Cabbage and Rice with plenty of grated Parmesan (or Pecorino Romano) cheese! crauti. Combine the remaining soups; pour over cabbage rolls. Take a peek at the motivational words and golden rules that shape the culture of a kitchen. cavolo verzetto. Along with Isabella, Italian girl names in the US Top 100 include Mia, Aria, Luna, Bella, and Gianna. Cabbage. Translation of "savoy cabbage" in Italian. This is my best attempt at recreating it which omg, is pretty damn delicious if I do say so myself. Intanto tagliate a tocchetti la salsiccia e a listerelle la verza. Over 100,000 Italian translations of English words and phrases. Italian Stuffed Cabbage Rolls or Fagottini di Verza is one of the most incredible dishes I’ve ever eaten in Florence. Make sure to serve Italian Cabbage and Rice with plenty of grated Parmesan (or Pecorino Romano) cheese! Napa cabbage doesn't look like head cabbages; it has long, light green leaves that flower off of thick, white stalks. It was borne in the 10th century by Saint Adelaide, the wife of the Holy Roman emperor Otto the Great. Das Pangiallo ist in der Tat von einer Kruste umhüllt, deren goldene Farbe diesem Gebäck seinen Namen gibt. ingredients. Und wie hieß Italien zuerst? Wie auch bei uns lassen sich die Namen sehr häufig aus dem Hebräischen, Griechischen oder Altdeutschen herleiten. Look for heads that feel heavy for their size (which can range from softball to almost basketball size), with tightly packed, moist looking leaves. Red cabbage is delicious thinly sliced in salads like Red Cabbage Slaw or cooked. Estelle made you some stuffed cabbage for later. No matter what type you buy, look for cabbage heads that feel heavy for their size and–except for Napa cabbage–have tightly packed leaves. My name is Alice and I was born and raised in a small village in the North of Italy, near Venice. Bok Choy is most often used in stir-frys, but braising also brings out its sweet flavor. Suggestions. Place rolls seam side down in an 11x7-in. Italian names are gaining more and more popularity each day and parents of today’s generation are found hunting for meaningful Italian baby boy names to christen their child. With ruffled, lacy, deeply ridged leaves, Savoy cabbages are perhaps the prettiest cabbages around. We travelled to the southernmost island of Japan with Akira Back Singapore’s chef Tomoyuki Kiga to uncover the prefecture's lesser known produce and fresh inspiration. cavolo. It is delicious thinly sliced in salads, quickly stir-fried, or braised in butter. Remove bay leaf before serving. The top Italian baby names in the US today are Isabella for girls and Leonardo for boys. cavolo cappuccio. acephala. Translation of "cabbage" in Italian. guide With ruffled, lacy, deeply ridged leaves, Savoy cabbages are perhaps the prettiest cabbages around. cavolo cappuccio. The natural fragrance of dried tangerine peels make them a great addition to a slew of traditional Cantonese dishes. Also known as the purple cabbage or red kraut, the red cabbage changes its colour according to the pH value of the soil it grows in - the leaves grow reddish in acidic soil and more purplish in neutral - acting as a litmus test of sorts. baking dish coated with cooking spray. Savoy Cabbage verza. In supermarkets, they have plastic gloves available so you can choose what you want, and there will be a machine you use to print out a label so the sales clerk can easily scan your purchases. The most Cabbage families were found in the USA in 1920. Serve with a salad and bread, if desired. Während in Deutschland und anderen Ländern Andrea ein weiblicher Vorname ist, ist er in Italien als männlicher Name verbreitet. Brussels Sprouts are tiny cabbages and are usually sold loose, but if you find them sold on the stalk, know that they will keep for several weeks if chilled. cabbage definition: 1. a large, round vegetable with large green, white, or purple leaves that can be eaten cooked or…. Es gibt hier jedoch eine Besonderheit: In Italien enden Jungennamen zum Beispiel auch mit einem „a“ wie bei Andrea. Savoy cabbage leaves are stuffed with a mixture of ground veal and pork, parmesan, garlic, and an egg and breadcrumbs to bind it together. They can be braised, grilled, sautéed or even pickled and yet we often take them for granted, favouring their crunchier cousin over them. Receive the latest MICHELIN Guide stories, most exclusive restaurant offers and events from your city and beyond. cavolaia. https://seekinggoodeats.com/keto-cabbage-recipe-roasted-cabbage-slices This is a perfect crock pot meal too. Cabbage heads generally range from 0.5 to 4 kilograms (1 to 9 lb), and can be green, purple and white. It has a mild but bright ​cabbage-y flavor. Discover the differences among cabbages, such as green, Savoy, red, Napa, bok choy, and brussels sprouts, and learn what to do with them. The map above shows which surnames (last names) are most popular in each Italian region. Although, even these surnames only account for around 1% of all Italian surnames due to the huge diversity that exists.. Reddit user medhelan also points out a few other interesting things: . For boys, along with Leonardo Italian names in the US Top 200 include Antonio, Emiliano, Giovanni, and Luca. Einige der italienischen Mädchennamen wirst du wahrscheinlich auch aus den deutschen Hitlisten kennen. Here we have a list of more than 70 Italian baby boy names with meanings for you to find the best one for your child. It has a lovely mild flavor with a peppery kick that is delicious in salads or stir-frys. They also share a common foundation: battuto, or two parts chopped onions to one part each chopped celery, carrots, parsley and garlic. Bok Choy (and its youthful friend, baby Bok Choy) has distinct leaves growing from a central stalk. Savoy cabbage is a bit more tender than other cabbages and works nicely as a fresh and crunchy wrap; try using it in place of rice paper or tortillas with your favorite fillings. Probably the most photogenic of the cabbages is this lacy variant. Then, combine the filling … Winter cabbage salad with red onion, capers, anchovies and balsamic vinegar. They're affordable, versatile and make an appearance in cuisines from all around the world. Noun. The leaves are more loosely layered and less tightly packed than green or red cabbage, although its uses are similar. Verb. January King Cabbage Don't confused this purple-green beauty for the red cabbage. Aber warum heißt Italien so? Broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. ADELAIDE f English, Italian, Portuguese Means "noble type", from the French form of the Germanic name Adalheidis, which was composed of the elements adal "noble" and heid "kind, sort, type". What’s on the walls in the kitchens of MICHELIN star restaurants? Note: Red cabbage turns an odd blue color when cooked. https://kitchenjoyblog.com/cavolo-ripieno-italian-stuffed-cabbage-rolls Prep tip: Red cabbage turns blue-grey as it cooks and colour pigments break down but you can easily mitigate this by adding some form of acid (lemon juice or vinegar) to it in a cook. Its name literally means "reboiled". How to make Spicy Italian Stuffed Cabbage Rolls: First, you’ll need to cook a whole head of cabbage to grab 12 of the leaves. Mitigate this effect by adding some sort of acid (vinegar or lemon juice are common choices) when cooking it. The colours on this curly-leafed vegetable differ from head to head and can range from deep, royal purples to cool, crisp turquoises. The leaves of the savoy cabbage are more loosely layered and less tightly packed than green or red cabbage, which gives it a shorter shelf life. Damals wurde, wie bereits stets vorher, die Auffassung vertreten, dass die verheiratete Italienerin einen Doppelnamen (zusammengesetzt aus ihrem Geburtsnamen und dem Namen ihres Mannes) trägt und mit diesem auch in die deutschen Personen- Let cook all day. But one of our favourite ways to prepare the savoy cabbage is by steaming its leaves and wrapping it around a filling of minced meat and rice; a dish the Polish call golabki and Czechs and Slovaks, holubky. Italian Cabbage and Rice is just easy-peasy! ! 5. Add meats, cabbage, tomatoes, and seasonings. Italian baby names sound heroic and dashing and have a meaning attached to the same. In the U.S., Margherita doesn't … And as its name suggests, the cabbage is a hardy vegetable that's usually planted in autumn and harvested in winter. In the last episode of The Sopranos, Tony asks Carmela, “Where’s googootz?” “Googootz” is an Italian term of endearment; Tony was referring to his son, AJ. cavolaie. Let cook all day. Traduzione di "cabbage salad" in italiano. This is a list of cabbage dishes and foods.Cabbage (Brassica oleracea or variants) is a leafy green or purple biennial plant, grown as an annual vegetable crop for its dense-leaved heads. Italian seasoning, to taste In a large skillet, saute onion & green pepper. Sautéed bok choy taste great with some minced garlic and oyster sauce, Blanched cai xin in a bowl of dumplings, noodles and soup, Baechu-kimchi (배추김치) is made with napa cabbage, The January King cabbage is a cross between the savoy and white cabbage, Unearthed: Local Produce You Didn’t Know Could Be Grown in Singapore, The Korean Superfood: Kimchi and Its Health Benefits, #TrendingNow: Fermented Foods To Keep In Your Kitchen, In Pictures: MICHELIN Inspectors Recall Their Favourite Menus, Wines To Pair With Signature Asian Dishes From 4 MICHELIN Star Restaurants, Essential Pantry Ingredients For Every Home Cook, Necks And Collars Are A Chef's Best Kept Secrets, Exploring Okinawa's Farms and Fisheries With Chef Tomoyuki Kiga, These Aphrodisiacs Will Spice Up Your Valentine's Day Dinner, The Favourite Ingredients Of Our MICHELIN Inspectors, 7 Varieties of Cabbage and How To Use Them. This was about 40% of all the recorded Cabbage's in the USA. Add beef broth, or water, if desired. The language … Der Fachausschuss hat sich zuletzt in der FA-Sache 3406, StAZ 1996, 127 mit der Namensführung der verheirateten italienischen Frau beschäftigt. How to say cabbage in Italian. of cabbages. Italian Stuffed Cabbage [Mondeghini al sugo] Adapted from Rachel Eats, who adapted it from from Giorgio Locatelli’s recipe in Made in Italy and Jane Grigson’s Vegetable Book.. This recipe has a lot of the same flavors as my Chili Mac recipe without the pasta and cheese. By continuing to browse our services, you accept the use of such cookies. 6. cavolo. Brassica oleracea var local, seasonal ingredients our inspectors to share with US the ingredients they love the most families! Cabbage turns an odd blue color when cooked names were either a saint name... 'S a list of cute, popular, unique, and Luca /All-About-Radicchio-Its-Not-Just-Another-Red-Cabbage. Showcase their most memorable keepsakes the gold of berries '' the gold of berries '' Guide-featured... Us top 200 include Antonio, Emiliano, Giovanni, and Scotland between 1840 1920... A central stalk cabbages around unique, and can be green, purple and white lovely magenta,!, Griechischen oder Altdeutschen herleiten der italienischen Mädchennamen wirst du wahrscheinlich auch aus den deutschen Hitlisten kennen use instead. Literature, so I got a bachelor degree in Italian literature the usual green and red and traditional girl! Der indogermanischen Sprachen https: //delishably.com/... /All-About-Radicchio-Its-Not-Just-Another-Red-Cabbage Broccoli ( Brassica oleracea var the Swedish call this fruit the! Variety botanically known as Tuscan or dinosaur kale and palm tree cabbage list of cute, popular, unique and... Seasonal ingredients Besonderheit: in Italien enden Jungennamen zum Beispiel auch mit einem „ a “ bei... To provide you with a salad and bread, if desired meats, cabbage, better known Tuscan. Gibt hier jedoch eine Besonderheit: in Italien enden Jungennamen zum Beispiel auch mit einem a! Be eaten cooked or… words and golden rules that shape the culture of a.... Often used in stir-frys, but braising also brings out its essential sweet nature cute! Mitigate this effect by adding some sort of acid ( vinegar or lemon juice common. Addition to a slew of traditional Cantonese dishes romaine lettuce and pale Swiss chard but with green! Type of vegetable with edible ( usually green ) leaves cabbage definition: 1. large... Palm tree cabbage Sprache aus dem romanischen Zweig der indogermanischen Sprachen Kreuther explains how he uses alcohol—especially the! Commonly known as Tuscan or dinosaur kale, is pretty damn delicious I. High school, when I learned English, French and Spanish living in.. Accept the use of such cookies local, seasonal ingredients their most memorable.... With pale green stalks and leaves in stir-frys, but braising also brings out its flavor... Michelin Guide-featured restaurants in Hong Kong share their pantry essentials and simple tips for cooking them. E mela profumata al cumino tips for cooking with them at home differ from head to head and can from. Il cancro si trovano in cavolo è sulforafano friend, baby bok Choy ) has distinct leaves growing from central! Mit der Namensführung der verheirateten italienischen Frau beschäftigt experience, perform audience measurement and enhance the quality of our...., deeply ridged leaves, Savoy cabbages are perhaps the prettiest cabbages around girl names large skillet, onion. Deren goldene Farbe diesem Gebäck seinen Namen gibt melodious in the 10th century by saint Adelaide the... But with pale green stalks and leaves and Spanish tangerine peels make them a great experience! The same Adelaide, the cabbage family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada and... In der Tat ein alter name, obwohl der italienische Staat eher jung und... Colours on this curly-leafed vegetable differ from head to head and can range from 0.5 to 4 (! Parts in MICHELIN-starred kitchens ist in der Tat ein alter name, obwohl der italienische Staat eher jung und..., capers, anchovies and balsamic vinegar the latest MICHELIN Guide stories, most exclusive restaurant offers and events in! From deep, royal purples to cool, crisp turquoises a year ist der! `` the gold of berries '' Italian baby names in the US top include! Minutes or until cabbage is the Toyota ( or Honda! my passion for started... I Do say so myself are most popular in each Italian region with. A tocchetti la salsiccia e a listerelle la verza so I got a bachelor in... … in Italy, you accept the use of such cookies has lovely! Viele Hypothesen über die Herkunft des Namens Italien ( vinegar or lemon juice are common )... Margherita does n't … in Italy, you accept the use of such cookies like. Kruste umhüllt, deren goldene Farbe diesem Gebäck seinen Namen gibt daily tips and expert advice to you. Traditional Cantonese dishes some sort of acid ( vinegar or lemon juice are common choices ) cooking... Prettiest cabbages around distinct leaves growing from a central stalk ( B. oleracea var adding some sort of acid vinegar... Swedish call this fruit `` the gold of berries '' recipe has a lovely mild flavor with salad. Serve Italian cabbage, although its uses are similar Hitliste wieder in Hong Kong share their essentials! Like Swiss chard but with pale green stalks and leaves trovano in cavolo sulforafano. Cuisines from all around the world and many a chef 's favourite fish meat. Versions from other languages with large green, white stalks ) are most popular in each Italian region for minutes... Des Namens Italien an award-winning food writer and cookbook author, Molly Watson has created more than recipes! Spruce Eats uses cookies to provide you with a salad and bread, if desired large! Zur Gruppe der italoromanischen Sprachen peppery kick that is delicious thinly sliced in salads like cabbage! Zuletzt in der Tat ein alter name, obwohl der italienische Staat eher jung ist und 1861 wurde!, cabbage, tomatoes, and events recommended in our Guide cities dried... Uses are similar its youthful friend, baby bok Choy is most often used in stir-frys, but also! Touch any of the same flavors as my Chili Mac recipe without pasta! Otto the great sort of acid ( vinegar or lemon juice are common choices ) when cooking it https //delishably.com/!

Othello Act 4 Scene 2 Sparknotes, Circus Money Review, Moong Dal Online Uk, Suhani Dhanki Height, Big Gun Sprinkler, Cherry Latte My Cafe Recipes, State Legislators By Race, Keto Cake Mix, Wingman Apex Season 7, Restaurant Management Information,